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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 6501-6600   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremnnnq 6501 The canonical embedding of positive integers into positive fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 26-Apr-2020.)
(𝐴N → [⟨𝐴, 1𝑜⟩] ~QQ)
 
Theoremltnnnq 6502 Ordering of positive integers via <N or <Q is equivalent. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Oct-2020.)
((𝐴N𝐵N) → (𝐴 <N 𝐵 ↔ [⟨𝐴, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q <Q [⟨𝐵, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ))
 
Definitiondf-enq0 6503* Define equivalence relation for non-negative fractions. This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Nov-2019.)
~Q0 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (ω × N) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (ω × N)) ∧ ∃𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢((𝑥 = ⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩ ∧ 𝑦 = ⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩) ∧ (𝑧 ·𝑜 𝑢) = (𝑤 ·𝑜 𝑣)))}
 
Definitiondf-nq0 6504 Define class of non-negative fractions. This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Nov-2019.)
Q0 = ((ω × N) / ~Q0 )
 
Definitiondf-0nq0 6505 Define non-negative fraction constant 0. This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Nov-2019.)
0Q0 = [⟨∅, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0
 
Definitiondf-plq0 6506* Define addition on non-negative fractions. This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Nov-2019.)
+Q0 = {⟨⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩, 𝑧⟩ ∣ ((𝑥Q0𝑦Q0) ∧ ∃𝑤𝑣𝑢𝑓((𝑥 = [⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩] ~Q0𝑦 = [⟨𝑢, 𝑓⟩] ~Q0 ) ∧ 𝑧 = [⟨((𝑤 ·𝑜 𝑓) +𝑜 (𝑣 ·𝑜 𝑢)), (𝑣 ·𝑜 𝑓)⟩] ~Q0 ))}
 
Definitiondf-mq0 6507* Define multiplication on non-negative fractions. This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Nov-2019.)
·Q0 = {⟨⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩, 𝑧⟩ ∣ ((𝑥Q0𝑦Q0) ∧ ∃𝑤𝑣𝑢𝑓((𝑥 = [⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩] ~Q0𝑦 = [⟨𝑢, 𝑓⟩] ~Q0 ) ∧ 𝑧 = [⟨(𝑤 ·𝑜 𝑢), (𝑣 ·𝑜 𝑓)⟩] ~Q0 ))}
 
Theoremdfmq0qs 6508* Multiplication on non-negative fractions. This definition is similar to df-mq0 6507 but expands Q0 (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Nov-2019.)
·Q0 = {⟨⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩, 𝑧⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ ((ω × N) / ~Q0 ) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ((ω × N) / ~Q0 )) ∧ ∃𝑤𝑣𝑢𝑓((𝑥 = [⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩] ~Q0𝑦 = [⟨𝑢, 𝑓⟩] ~Q0 ) ∧ 𝑧 = [⟨(𝑤 ·𝑜 𝑢), (𝑣 ·𝑜 𝑓)⟩] ~Q0 ))}
 
Theoremdfplq0qs 6509* Addition on non-negative fractions. This definition is similar to df-plq0 6506 but expands Q0 (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 24-Nov-2019.)
+Q0 = {⟨⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩, 𝑧⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ ((ω × N) / ~Q0 ) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ((ω × N) / ~Q0 )) ∧ ∃𝑤𝑣𝑢𝑓((𝑥 = [⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩] ~Q0𝑦 = [⟨𝑢, 𝑓⟩] ~Q0 ) ∧ 𝑧 = [⟨((𝑤 ·𝑜 𝑓) +𝑜 (𝑣 ·𝑜 𝑢)), (𝑣 ·𝑜 𝑓)⟩] ~Q0 ))}
 
Theoremenq0enq 6510 Equivalence on positive fractions in terms of equivalence on non-negative fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 12-Nov-2019.)
~Q = ( ~Q0 ∩ ((N × N) × (N × N)))
 
Theoremenq0sym 6511 The equivalence relation for non-negative fractions is symmetric. Lemma for enq0er 6514. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Nov-2019.)
(𝑓 ~Q0 𝑔𝑔 ~Q0 𝑓)
 
Theoremenq0ref 6512 The equivalence relation for non-negative fractions is reflexive. Lemma for enq0er 6514. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Nov-2019.)
(𝑓 ∈ (ω × N) ↔ 𝑓 ~Q0 𝑓)
 
Theoremenq0tr 6513 The equivalence relation for non-negative fractions is transitive. Lemma for enq0er 6514. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Nov-2019.)
((𝑓 ~Q0 𝑔𝑔 ~Q0 ) → 𝑓 ~Q0 )
 
Theoremenq0er 6514 The equivalence relation for non-negative fractions is an equivalence relation. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 12-Nov-2019.)
~Q0 Er (ω × N)
 
Theoremenq0breq 6515 Equivalence relation for non-negative fractions in terms of natural numbers. (Contributed by NM, 27-Aug-1995.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵N) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐷N)) → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ~Q0𝐶, 𝐷⟩ ↔ (𝐴 ·𝑜 𝐷) = (𝐵 ·𝑜 𝐶)))
 
Theoremenq0eceq 6516 Equivalence class equality of non-negative fractions in terms of natural numbers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 24-Nov-2019.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵N) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐷N)) → ([⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩] ~Q0 = [⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩] ~Q0 ↔ (𝐴 ·𝑜 𝐷) = (𝐵 ·𝑜 𝐶)))
 
Theoremnqnq0pi 6517 A non-negative fraction is a positive fraction if its numerator and denominator are positive integers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴N𝐵N) → [⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩] ~Q0 = [⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩] ~Q )
 
Theoremenq0ex 6518 The equivalence relation for positive fractions exists. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Nov-2019.)
~Q0 ∈ V
 
Theoremnq0ex 6519 The class of positive fractions exists. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Nov-2019.)
Q0 ∈ V
 
Theoremnqnq0 6520 A positive fraction is a non-negative fraction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Nov-2019.)
QQ0
 
Theoremnq0nn 6521* Decomposition of a non-negative fraction into numerator and denominator. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 24-Nov-2019.)
(𝐴Q0 → ∃𝑤𝑣((𝑤 ∈ ω ∧ 𝑣N) ∧ 𝐴 = [⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩] ~Q0 ))
 
Theoremaddcmpblnq0 6522 Lemma showing compatibility of addition on non-negative fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Nov-2019.)
((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵N) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐷N)) ∧ ((𝐹 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐺N) ∧ (𝑅 ∈ ω ∧ 𝑆N))) → (((𝐴 ·𝑜 𝐷) = (𝐵 ·𝑜 𝐶) ∧ (𝐹 ·𝑜 𝑆) = (𝐺 ·𝑜 𝑅)) → ⟨((𝐴 ·𝑜 𝐺) +𝑜 (𝐵 ·𝑜 𝐹)), (𝐵 ·𝑜 𝐺)⟩ ~Q0 ⟨((𝐶 ·𝑜 𝑆) +𝑜 (𝐷 ·𝑜 𝑅)), (𝐷 ·𝑜 𝑆)⟩))
 
Theoremmulcmpblnq0 6523 Lemma showing compatibility of multiplication on non-negative fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 20-Nov-2019.)
((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵N) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐷N)) ∧ ((𝐹 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐺N) ∧ (𝑅 ∈ ω ∧ 𝑆N))) → (((𝐴 ·𝑜 𝐷) = (𝐵 ·𝑜 𝐶) ∧ (𝐹 ·𝑜 𝑆) = (𝐺 ·𝑜 𝑅)) → ⟨(𝐴 ·𝑜 𝐹), (𝐵 ·𝑜 𝐺)⟩ ~Q0 ⟨(𝐶 ·𝑜 𝑅), (𝐷 ·𝑜 𝑆)⟩))
 
Theoremmulcanenq0ec 6524 Lemma for distributive law: cancellation of common factor. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴N𝐵 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐶N) → [⟨(𝐴 ·𝑜 𝐵), (𝐴 ·𝑜 𝐶)⟩] ~Q0 = [⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩] ~Q0 )
 
Theoremnnnq0lem1 6525* Decomposing non-negative fractions into natural numbers. Lemma for addnnnq0 6528 and mulnnnq0 6529. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Nov-2019.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ((ω × N) / ~Q0 ) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ((ω × N) / ~Q0 )) ∧ (((𝐴 = [⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩] ~Q0𝐵 = [⟨𝑢, 𝑡⟩] ~Q0 ) ∧ 𝑧 = [𝐶] ~Q0 ) ∧ ((𝐴 = [⟨𝑠, 𝑓⟩] ~Q0𝐵 = [⟨𝑔, ⟩] ~Q0 ) ∧ 𝑞 = [𝐷] ~Q0 ))) → ((((𝑤 ∈ ω ∧ 𝑣N) ∧ (𝑠 ∈ ω ∧ 𝑓N)) ∧ ((𝑢 ∈ ω ∧ 𝑡N) ∧ (𝑔 ∈ ω ∧ N))) ∧ ((𝑤 ·𝑜 𝑓) = (𝑣 ·𝑜 𝑠) ∧ (𝑢 ·𝑜 ) = (𝑡 ·𝑜 𝑔))))
 
Theoremaddnq0mo 6526* There is at most one result from adding non-negative fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴 ∈ ((ω × N) / ~Q0 ) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ((ω × N) / ~Q0 )) → ∃*𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢𝑡((𝐴 = [⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩] ~Q0𝐵 = [⟨𝑢, 𝑡⟩] ~Q0 ) ∧ 𝑧 = [⟨((𝑤 ·𝑜 𝑡) +𝑜 (𝑣 ·𝑜 𝑢)), (𝑣 ·𝑜 𝑡)⟩] ~Q0 ))
 
Theoremmulnq0mo 6527* There is at most one result from multiplying non-negative fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 20-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴 ∈ ((ω × N) / ~Q0 ) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ((ω × N) / ~Q0 )) → ∃*𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢𝑡((𝐴 = [⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩] ~Q0𝐵 = [⟨𝑢, 𝑡⟩] ~Q0 ) ∧ 𝑧 = [⟨(𝑤 ·𝑜 𝑢), (𝑣 ·𝑜 𝑡)⟩] ~Q0 ))
 
Theoremaddnnnq0 6528 Addition of non-negative fractions in terms of natural numbers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Nov-2019.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵N) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐷N)) → ([⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩] ~Q0 +Q0 [⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩] ~Q0 ) = [⟨((𝐴 ·𝑜 𝐷) +𝑜 (𝐵 ·𝑜 𝐶)), (𝐵 ·𝑜 𝐷)⟩] ~Q0 )
 
Theoremmulnnnq0 6529 Multiplication of non-negative fractions in terms of natural numbers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Nov-2019.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵N) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐷N)) → ([⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 [⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩] ~Q0 ) = [⟨(𝐴 ·𝑜 𝐶), (𝐵 ·𝑜 𝐷)⟩] ~Q0 )
 
Theoremaddclnq0 6530 Closure of addition on non-negative fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴Q0𝐵Q0) → (𝐴 +Q0 𝐵) ∈ Q0)
 
Theoremmulclnq0 6531 Closure of multiplication on non-negative fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴Q0𝐵Q0) → (𝐴 ·Q0 𝐵) ∈ Q0)
 
Theoremnqpnq0nq 6532 A positive fraction plus a non-negative fraction is a positive fraction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴Q𝐵Q0) → (𝐴 +Q0 𝐵) ∈ Q)
 
Theoremnqnq0a 6533 Addition of positive fractions is equal with +Q or +Q0. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴Q𝐵Q) → (𝐴 +Q 𝐵) = (𝐴 +Q0 𝐵))
 
Theoremnqnq0m 6534 Multiplication of positive fractions is equal with ·Q or ·Q0. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴Q𝐵Q) → (𝐴 ·Q 𝐵) = (𝐴 ·Q0 𝐵))
 
Theoremnq0m0r 6535 Multiplication with zero for non-negative fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Nov-2019.)
(𝐴Q0 → (0Q0 ·Q0 𝐴) = 0Q0)
 
Theoremnq0a0 6536 Addition with zero for non-negative fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Nov-2019.)
(𝐴Q0 → (𝐴 +Q0 0Q0) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremnnanq0 6537 Addition of non-negative fractions with a common denominator. You can add two fractions with the same denominator by adding their numerators and keeping the same denominator. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 1-Dec-2019.)
((𝑁 ∈ ω ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐴N) → [⟨(𝑁 +𝑜 𝑀), 𝐴⟩] ~Q0 = ([⟨𝑁, 𝐴⟩] ~Q0 +Q0 [⟨𝑀, 𝐴⟩] ~Q0 ))
 
Theoremdistrnq0 6538 Multiplication of non-negative fractions is distributive. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴Q0𝐵Q0𝐶Q0) → (𝐴 ·Q0 (𝐵 +Q0 𝐶)) = ((𝐴 ·Q0 𝐵) +Q0 (𝐴 ·Q0 𝐶)))
 
Theoremmulcomnq0 6539 Multiplication of non-negative fractions is commutative. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴Q0𝐵Q0) → (𝐴 ·Q0 𝐵) = (𝐵 ·Q0 𝐴))
 
Theoremaddassnq0lemcl 6540 A natural number closure law. Lemma for addassnq0 6541. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Dec-2019.)
(((𝐼 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐽N) ∧ (𝐾 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐿N)) → (((𝐼 ·𝑜 𝐿) +𝑜 (𝐽 ·𝑜 𝐾)) ∈ ω ∧ (𝐽 ·𝑜 𝐿) ∈ N))
 
Theoremaddassnq0 6541 Addition of non-negaative fractions is associative. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴Q0𝐵Q0𝐶Q0) → ((𝐴 +Q0 𝐵) +Q0 𝐶) = (𝐴 +Q0 (𝐵 +Q0 𝐶)))
 
Theoremdistnq0r 6542 Multiplication of non-negative fractions is distributive. Version of distrnq0 6538 with the multiplications commuted. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴Q0𝐵Q0𝐶Q0) → ((𝐵 +Q0 𝐶) ·Q0 𝐴) = ((𝐵 ·Q0 𝐴) +Q0 (𝐶 ·Q0 𝐴)))
 
Theoremaddpinq1 6543 Addition of one to the numerator of a fraction whose denominator is one. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 26-Apr-2020.)
(𝐴N → [⟨(𝐴 +N 1𝑜), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q = ([⟨𝐴, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q +Q 1Q))
 
Theoremnq02m 6544 Multiply a non-negative fraction by two. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Nov-2019.)
(𝐴Q0 → ([⟨2𝑜, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝐴) = (𝐴 +Q0 𝐴))
 
Definitiondf-inp 6545* Define the set of positive reals. A "Dedekind cut" is a partition of the positive rational numbers into two classes such that all the numbers of one class are less than all the numbers of the other.

Here we follow the definition of a Dedekind cut from Definition 11.2.1 of [HoTT], p. (varies) with the one exception that we define it over positive rational numbers rather than all rational numbers.

A Dedekind cut is an ordered pair of a lower set 𝑙 and an upper set 𝑢 which is inhabited (𝑞Q𝑞𝑙 ∧ ∃𝑟Q𝑟𝑢), rounded (𝑞Q(𝑞𝑙 ↔ ∃𝑟Q(𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑟𝑙)) and likewise for 𝑢), disjoint (𝑞Q¬ (𝑞𝑙𝑞𝑢)) and located (𝑞Q𝑟Q(𝑞 <Q 𝑟 → (𝑞𝑙𝑟𝑢))). See HoTT for more discussion of those terms and different ways of defining Dedekind cuts.

(Note: This is a "temporary" definition used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction.) (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Sep-2019.)

P = {⟨𝑙, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (((𝑙Q𝑢Q) ∧ (∃𝑞Q 𝑞𝑙 ∧ ∃𝑟Q 𝑟𝑢)) ∧ ((∀𝑞Q (𝑞𝑙 ↔ ∃𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑟𝑙)) ∧ ∀𝑟Q (𝑟𝑢 ↔ ∃𝑞Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑞𝑢))) ∧ ∀𝑞Q ¬ (𝑞𝑙𝑞𝑢) ∧ ∀𝑞Q𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟 → (𝑞𝑙𝑟𝑢))))}
 
Definitiondf-i1p 6546* Define the positive real constant 1. This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers and is intended to be used only by the construction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Sep-2019.)
1P = ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q 1Q}, {𝑢 ∣ 1Q <Q 𝑢}⟩
 
Definitiondf-iplp 6547* Define addition on positive reals. From Section 11.2.1 of [HoTT], p. (varies). We write this definition to closely resemble the definition in HoTT although some of the conditions are redundant (for example, 𝑟 ∈ (1st𝑥) implies 𝑟Q) and can be simplified as shown at genpdf 6587.

This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 26-Sep-2019.)

+P = (𝑥P, 𝑦P ↦ ⟨{𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟Q𝑠Q (𝑟 ∈ (1st𝑥) ∧ 𝑠 ∈ (1st𝑦) ∧ 𝑞 = (𝑟 +Q 𝑠))}, {𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟Q𝑠Q (𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝑥) ∧ 𝑠 ∈ (2nd𝑦) ∧ 𝑞 = (𝑟 +Q 𝑠))}⟩)
 
Definitiondf-imp 6548* Define multiplication on positive reals. Here we use a simple definition which is similar to df-iplp 6547 or the definition of multiplication on positive reals in Metamath Proof Explorer. This is as opposed to the more complicated definition of multiplication given in Section 11.2.1 of [HoTT], p. (varies), which appears to be motivated by handling negative numbers or handling modified Dedekind cuts in which locatedness is omitted.

This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Sep-2019.)

·P = (𝑥P, 𝑦P ↦ ⟨{𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟Q𝑠Q (𝑟 ∈ (1st𝑥) ∧ 𝑠 ∈ (1st𝑦) ∧ 𝑞 = (𝑟 ·Q 𝑠))}, {𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟Q𝑠Q (𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝑥) ∧ 𝑠 ∈ (2nd𝑦) ∧ 𝑞 = (𝑟 ·Q 𝑠))}⟩)
 
Definitiondf-iltp 6549* Define ordering on positive reals. We define 𝑥<P 𝑦 if there is a positive fraction 𝑞 which is an element of the upper cut of 𝑥 and the lower cut of 𝑦. From the definition of < in Section 11.2.1 of [HoTT], p. (varies).

This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Sep-2019.)

<P = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥P𝑦P) ∧ ∃𝑞Q (𝑞 ∈ (2nd𝑥) ∧ 𝑞 ∈ (1st𝑦)))}
 
Theoremnpsspw 6550 Lemma for proving existence of reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Sep-2019.)
P ⊆ (𝒫 Q × 𝒫 Q)
 
Theorempreqlu 6551 Two reals are equal if and only if their lower and upper cuts are. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Dec-2019.)
((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ ((1st𝐴) = (1st𝐵) ∧ (2nd𝐴) = (2nd𝐵))))
 
Theoremnpex 6552 The class of positive reals is a set. (Contributed by NM, 31-Oct-1995.)
P ∈ V
 
Theoremelinp 6553* Membership in positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Sep-2019.)
(⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P ↔ (((𝐿Q𝑈Q) ∧ (∃𝑞Q 𝑞𝐿 ∧ ∃𝑟Q 𝑟𝑈)) ∧ ((∀𝑞Q (𝑞𝐿 ↔ ∃𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑟𝐿)) ∧ ∀𝑟Q (𝑟𝑈 ↔ ∃𝑞Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑞𝑈))) ∧ ∀𝑞Q ¬ (𝑞𝐿𝑞𝑈) ∧ ∀𝑞Q𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟 → (𝑞𝐿𝑟𝑈)))))
 
Theoremprop 6554 A positive real is an ordered pair of a lower cut and an upper cut. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Sep-2019.)
(𝐴P → ⟨(1st𝐴), (2nd𝐴)⟩ ∈ P)
 
Theoremelnp1st2nd 6555* Membership in positive reals, using 1st and 2nd to refer to the lower and upper cut. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Oct-2019.)
(𝐴P ↔ ((𝐴 ∈ (𝒫 Q × 𝒫 Q) ∧ (∃𝑞Q 𝑞 ∈ (1st𝐴) ∧ ∃𝑟Q 𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝐴))) ∧ ((∀𝑞Q (𝑞 ∈ (1st𝐴) ↔ ∃𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑟 ∈ (1st𝐴))) ∧ ∀𝑟Q (𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝐴) ↔ ∃𝑞Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑞 ∈ (2nd𝐴)))) ∧ ∀𝑞Q ¬ (𝑞 ∈ (1st𝐴) ∧ 𝑞 ∈ (2nd𝐴)) ∧ ∀𝑞Q𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟 → (𝑞 ∈ (1st𝐴) ∨ 𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝐴))))))
 
Theoremprml 6556* A positive real's lower cut is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Sep-2019.)
(⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P → ∃𝑥Q 𝑥𝐿)
 
Theoremprmu 6557* A positive real's upper cut is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Sep-2019.)
(⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P → ∃𝑥Q 𝑥𝑈)
 
Theoremprssnql 6558 A positive real's lower cut is a subset of the positive fractions. It would presumably be possible to also prove 𝐿Q, but we only need 𝐿Q so far. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Sep-2019.)
(⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐿Q)
 
Theoremprssnqu 6559 A positive real's upper cut is a subset of the positive fractions. It would presumably be possible to also prove 𝑈Q, but we only need 𝑈Q so far. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Sep-2019.)
(⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝑈Q)
 
Theoremelprnql 6560 An element of a positive real's lower cut is a positive fraction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Sep-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝐿) → 𝐵Q)
 
Theoremelprnqu 6561 An element of a positive real's upper cut is a positive fraction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Sep-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝑈) → 𝐵Q)
 
Theorem0npr 6562 The empty set is not a positive real. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-1995.)
¬ ∅ ∈ P
 
Theoremprcdnql 6563 A lower cut is closed downwards under the positive fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Sep-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝐿) → (𝐶 <Q 𝐵𝐶𝐿))
 
Theoremprcunqu 6564 An upper cut is closed upwards under the positive fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Nov-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐶𝑈) → (𝐶 <Q 𝐵𝐵𝑈))
 
Theoremprubl 6565 A positive fraction not in a lower cut is an upper bound. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Sep-2019.)
(((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝐿) ∧ 𝐶Q) → (¬ 𝐶𝐿𝐵 <Q 𝐶))
 
Theoremprltlu 6566 An element of a lower cut is less than an element of the corresponding upper cut. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Oct-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝐿𝐶𝑈) → 𝐵 <Q 𝐶)
 
Theoremprnmaxl 6567* A lower cut has no largest member. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Sep-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝐿) → ∃𝑥𝐿 𝐵 <Q 𝑥)
 
Theoremprnminu 6568* An upper cut has no smallest member. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Nov-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝑈) → ∃𝑥𝑈 𝑥 <Q 𝐵)
 
Theoremprnmaddl 6569* A lower cut has no largest member. Addition version. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Sep-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝐿) → ∃𝑥Q (𝐵 +Q 𝑥) ∈ 𝐿)
 
Theoremprloc 6570 A Dedekind cut is located. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Oct-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴 <Q 𝐵) → (𝐴𝐿𝐵𝑈))
 
Theoremprdisj 6571 A Dedekind cut is disjoint. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Dec-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴Q) → ¬ (𝐴𝐿𝐴𝑈))
 
Theoremprarloclemlt 6572 Two possible ways of contracting an interval which straddles a Dedekind cut. Lemma for prarloc 6582. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Nov-2019.)
(((𝑋 ∈ ω ∧ (⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿𝑃Q)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) → (𝐴 +Q ([⟨(𝑦 +𝑜 1𝑜), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) <Q (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)))
 
Theoremprarloclemlo 6573* Contracting the lower side of an interval which straddles a Dedekind cut. Lemma for prarloc 6582. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Nov-2019.)
(((𝑋 ∈ ω ∧ (⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿𝑃Q)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) → ((𝐴 +Q ([⟨(𝑦 +𝑜 1𝑜), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 → (((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 suc 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈) → ∃𝑦 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈))))
 
Theoremprarloclemup 6574 Contracting the upper side of an interval which straddles a Dedekind cut. Lemma for prarloc 6582. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Nov-2019.)
(((𝑋 ∈ ω ∧ (⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿𝑃Q)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) → ((𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈 → (((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 suc 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈) → ∃𝑦 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈))))
 
Theoremprarloclem3step 6575* Induction step for prarloclem3 6576. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-Nov-2019.)
(((𝑋 ∈ ω ∧ (⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿𝑃Q)) ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 suc 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈)) → ∃𝑦 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈))
 
Theoremprarloclem3 6576* Contracting an interval which straddles a Dedekind cut. Lemma for prarloc 6582. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Oct-2019.)
(((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿) ∧ (𝑋 ∈ ω ∧ 𝑃Q) ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈)) → ∃𝑗 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑗, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨(𝑗 +𝑜 2𝑜), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈))
 
Theoremprarloclem4 6577* A slight rearrangement of prarloclem3 6576. Lemma for prarloc 6582. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Nov-2019.)
(((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿) ∧ 𝑃Q) → (∃𝑥 ∈ ω ∃𝑦 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑥), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈) → ∃𝑗 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑗, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨(𝑗 +𝑜 2𝑜), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈)))
 
Theoremprarloclemn 6578* Subtracting two from a positive integer. Lemma for prarloc 6582. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Nov-2019.)
((𝑁N ∧ 1𝑜 <N 𝑁) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ω (2𝑜 +𝑜 𝑥) = 𝑁)
 
Theoremprarloclem5 6579* A substitution of zero for 𝑦 and 𝑁 minus two for 𝑥. Lemma for prarloc 6582. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Nov-2019.)
(((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿) ∧ (𝑁N𝑃Q ∧ 1𝑜 <N 𝑁) ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨𝑁, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ω ∃𝑦 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑥), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈))
 
Theoremprarloclem 6580* A special case of Lemma 6.16 from [BauerTaylor], p. 32. Given evenly spaced rational numbers from 𝐴 to 𝐴 +Q (𝑁 ·Q 𝑃) (which are in the lower and upper cuts, respectively, of a real number), there are a pair of numbers, two positions apart in the even spacing, which straddle the cut. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Oct-2019.)
(((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿) ∧ (𝑁N𝑃Q ∧ 1𝑜 <N 𝑁) ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨𝑁, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈) → ∃𝑗 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑗, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨(𝑗 +𝑜 2𝑜), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈))
 
Theoremprarloclemcalc 6581 Some calculations for prarloc 6582. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 26-Oct-2019.)
(((𝐴 = (𝑋 +Q0 ([⟨𝑀, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑄)) ∧ 𝐵 = (𝑋 +Q ([⟨(𝑀 +𝑜 2𝑜), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑄))) ∧ ((𝑄Q ∧ (𝑄 +Q 𝑄) <Q 𝑃) ∧ (𝑋Q𝑀 ∈ ω))) → 𝐵 <Q (𝐴 +Q 𝑃))
 
Theoremprarloc 6582* A Dedekind cut is arithmetically located. Part of Proposition 11.15 of [BauerTaylor], p. 52, slightly modified. It states that given a tolerance 𝑃, there are elements of the lower and upper cut which are within that tolerance of each other.

Usually, proofs will be shorter if they use prarloc2 6583 instead. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Oct-2019.)

((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝑃Q) → ∃𝑎𝐿𝑏𝑈 𝑏 <Q (𝑎 +Q 𝑃))
 
Theoremprarloc2 6583* A Dedekind cut is arithmetically located. This is a variation of prarloc 6582 which only constructs one (named) point and is therefore often easier to work with. It states that given a tolerance 𝑃, there are elements of the lower and upper cut which are exactly that tolerance from each other. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 26-Dec-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝑃Q) → ∃𝑎𝐿 (𝑎 +Q 𝑃) ∈ 𝑈)
 
Theoremltrelpr 6584 Positive real 'less than' is a relation on positive reals. (Contributed by NM, 14-Feb-1996.)
<P ⊆ (P × P)
 
Theoremltdfpr 6585* More convenient form of df-iltp 6549. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Dec-2019.)
((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐴<P 𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑞Q (𝑞 ∈ (2nd𝐴) ∧ 𝑞 ∈ (1st𝐵))))
 
Theoremgenpdflem 6586* Simplification of upper or lower cut expression. Lemma for genpdf 6587. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Sep-2019.)
((𝜑𝑟𝐴) → 𝑟Q)    &   ((𝜑𝑠𝐵) → 𝑠Q)       (𝜑 → {𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟Q𝑠Q (𝑟𝐴𝑠𝐵𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠))} = {𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟𝐴𝑠𝐵 𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠)})
 
Theoremgenpdf 6587* Simplified definition of addition or multiplication on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Sep-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟Q𝑠Q (𝑟 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑠 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠))}, {𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟Q𝑠Q (𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑠 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠))}⟩)       𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟 ∈ (1st𝑤)∃𝑠 ∈ (1st𝑣)𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠)}, {𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝑤)∃𝑠 ∈ (2nd𝑣)𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠)}⟩)
 
Theoremgenipv 6588* Value of general operation (addition or multiplication) on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingon, 3-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐴𝐹𝐵) = ⟨{𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟 ∈ (1st𝐴)∃𝑠 ∈ (1st𝐵)𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠)}, {𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝐴)∃𝑠 ∈ (2nd𝐵)𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠)}⟩)
 
Theoremgenplt2i 6589* Operating on both sides of two inequalities, when the operation is consistent with <Q. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Oct-2019.)
((𝑥Q𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑥 <Q 𝑦 ↔ (𝑧𝐺𝑥) <Q (𝑧𝐺𝑦)))    &   ((𝑥Q𝑦Q) → (𝑥𝐺𝑦) = (𝑦𝐺𝑥))       ((𝐴 <Q 𝐵𝐶 <Q 𝐷) → (𝐴𝐺𝐶) <Q (𝐵𝐺𝐷))
 
Theoremgenpelxp 6590* Set containing the result of adding or multiplying positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Dec-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐴𝐹𝐵) ∈ (𝒫 Q × 𝒫 Q))
 
Theoremgenpelvl 6591* Membership in lower cut of general operation (addition or multiplication) on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐶 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)) ↔ ∃𝑔 ∈ (1st𝐴)∃ ∈ (1st𝐵)𝐶 = (𝑔𝐺)))
 
Theoremgenpelvu 6592* Membership in upper cut of general operation (addition or multiplication) on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐶 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)) ↔ ∃𝑔 ∈ (2nd𝐴)∃ ∈ (2nd𝐵)𝐶 = (𝑔𝐺)))
 
Theoremgenpprecll 6593* Pre-closure law for general operation on lower cuts. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → ((𝐶 ∈ (1st𝐴) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (1st𝐵)) → (𝐶𝐺𝐷) ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵))))
 
Theoremgenppreclu 6594* Pre-closure law for general operation on upper cuts. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Nov-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → ((𝐶 ∈ (2nd𝐴) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (2nd𝐵)) → (𝐶𝐺𝐷) ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵))))
 
Theoremgenipdm 6595* Domain of general operation on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       dom 𝐹 = (P × P)
 
Theoremgenpml 6596* The lower cut produced by addition or multiplication on positive reals is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → ∃𝑞Q 𝑞 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)))
 
Theoremgenpmu 6597* The upper cut produced by addition or multiplication on positive reals is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Dec-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → ∃𝑞Q 𝑞 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)))
 
Theoremgenpcdl 6598* Downward closure of an operation on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)    &   ((((𝐴P𝑔 ∈ (1st𝐴)) ∧ (𝐵P ∈ (1st𝐵))) ∧ 𝑥Q) → (𝑥 <Q (𝑔𝐺) → 𝑥 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵))))       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝑓 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)) → (𝑥 <Q 𝑓𝑥 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)))))
 
Theoremgenpcuu 6599* Upward closure of an operation on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Nov-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)    &   ((((𝐴P𝑔 ∈ (2nd𝐴)) ∧ (𝐵P ∈ (2nd𝐵))) ∧ 𝑥Q) → ((𝑔𝐺) <Q 𝑥𝑥 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵))))       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝑓 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)) → (𝑓 <Q 𝑥𝑥 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)))))
 
Theoremgenprndl 6600* The lower cut produced by addition or multiplication on positive reals is rounded. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)    &   ((𝑥Q𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑥 <Q 𝑦 ↔ (𝑧𝐺𝑥) <Q (𝑧𝐺𝑦)))    &   ((𝑥Q𝑦Q) → (𝑥𝐺𝑦) = (𝑦𝐺𝑥))    &   ((((𝐴P𝑔 ∈ (1st𝐴)) ∧ (𝐵P ∈ (1st𝐵))) ∧ 𝑥Q) → (𝑥 <Q (𝑔𝐺) → 𝑥 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵))))       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → ∀𝑞Q (𝑞 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)) ↔ ∃𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑟 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)))))
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