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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 9501-9600   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremresqrexlemex 9501* Lemma for resqrex 9502. Existence of square root given a sequence which converges to the square root. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro and Jim Kingdon, 27-Jul-2021.)
𝐹 = seq1((𝑦 ∈ ℝ+, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ+ ↦ ((𝑦 + (𝐴 / 𝑦)) / 2)), (ℕ × {(1 + 𝐴)}), ℝ+)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ 𝐴)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
 
Theoremresqrex 9502* Existence of a square root for positive reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Jul-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
 
Theoremrsqrmo 9503* Uniqueness for the square root function. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Aug-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → ∃*𝑥 ∈ ℝ ((𝑥↑2) = 𝐴 ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑥))
 
Theoremrersqreu 9504* Existence and uniqueness for the real square root function. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Aug-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℝ ((𝑥↑2) = 𝐴 ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑥))
 
Theoremresqrtcl 9505 Closure of the square root function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Jul-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → (√‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremrersqrtthlem 9506 Lemma for resqrtth 9507. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Aug-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → (((√‘𝐴)↑2) = 𝐴 ∧ 0 ≤ (√‘𝐴)))
 
Theoremresqrtth 9507 Square root theorem over the reals. Theorem I.35 of [Apostol] p. 29. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Jul-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → ((√‘𝐴)↑2) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremremsqsqrt 9508 Square of square root. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 10-Jul-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → ((√‘𝐴) · (√‘𝐴)) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremsqrtge0 9509 The square root function is nonnegative for nonnegative input. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 9-Jul-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → 0 ≤ (√‘𝐴))
 
Theoremsqrtgt0 9510 The square root function is positive for positive input. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 10-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Sep-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴) → 0 < (√‘𝐴))
 
Theoremsqrtmul 9511 Square root distributes over multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jul-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵)) → (√‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = ((√‘𝐴) · (√‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremsqrtle 9512 Square root is monotonic. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵)) → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ (√‘𝐴) ≤ (√‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremsqrtlt 9513 Square root is strictly monotonic. Closed form of sqrtlti 9611. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Apr-2014.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵)) → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ (√‘𝐴) < (√‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremsqrt11ap 9514 Analogue to sqrt11 9515 but for apartness. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Aug-2021.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵)) → ((√‘𝐴) # (√‘𝐵) ↔ 𝐴 # 𝐵))
 
Theoremsqrt11 9515 The square root function is one-to-one. Also see sqrt11ap 9514 which would follow easily from this given excluded middle, but which is proved another way without it. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 11-Jun-2013.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵)) → ((√‘𝐴) = (√‘𝐵) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremsqrt00 9516 A square root is zero iff its argument is 0. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-1999.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → ((√‘𝐴) = 0 ↔ 𝐴 = 0))
 
Theoremrpsqrtcl 9517 The square root of a positive real is a positive real. (Contributed by NM, 22-Feb-2008.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ → (√‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ+)
 
Theoremsqrtdiv 9518 Square root distributes over division. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-May-2016.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ+) → (√‘(𝐴 / 𝐵)) = ((√‘𝐴) / (√‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremsqrtsq2 9519 Relationship between square root and squares. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵)) → ((√‘𝐴) = 𝐵𝐴 = (𝐵↑2)))
 
Theoremsqrtsq 9520 Square root of square. (Contributed by NM, 14-Jan-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → (√‘(𝐴↑2)) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremsqrtmsq 9521 Square root of square. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → (√‘(𝐴 · 𝐴)) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremsqrt1 9522 The square root of 1 is 1. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-1999.)
(√‘1) = 1
 
Theoremsqrt4 9523 The square root of 4 is 2. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-1999.)
(√‘4) = 2
 
Theoremsqrt9 9524 The square root of 9 is 3. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-2004.)
(√‘9) = 3
 
Theoremsqrt2gt1lt2 9525 The square root of 2 is bounded by 1 and 2. (Contributed by Roy F. Longton, 8-Aug-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Sep-2013.)
(1 < (√‘2) ∧ (√‘2) < 2)
 
Theoremabsneg 9526 Absolute value of negative. (Contributed by NM, 27-Feb-2005.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘-𝐴) = (abs‘𝐴))
 
Theoremabscl 9527 Real closure of absolute value. (Contributed by NM, 3-Oct-1999.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremabscj 9528 The absolute value of a number and its conjugate are the same. Proposition 10-3.7(b) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 28-Apr-2005.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘(∗‘𝐴)) = (abs‘𝐴))
 
Theoremabsvalsq 9529 Square of value of absolute value function. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jan-2006.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ((abs‘𝐴)↑2) = (𝐴 · (∗‘𝐴)))
 
Theoremabsvalsq2 9530 Square of value of absolute value function. (Contributed by NM, 1-Feb-2007.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ((abs‘𝐴)↑2) = (((ℜ‘𝐴)↑2) + ((ℑ‘𝐴)↑2)))
 
Theoremsqabsadd 9531 Square of absolute value of sum. Proposition 10-3.7(g) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((abs‘(𝐴 + 𝐵))↑2) = ((((abs‘𝐴)↑2) + ((abs‘𝐵)↑2)) + (2 · (ℜ‘(𝐴 · (∗‘𝐵))))))
 
Theoremsqabssub 9532 Square of absolute value of difference. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((abs‘(𝐴𝐵))↑2) = ((((abs‘𝐴)↑2) + ((abs‘𝐵)↑2)) − (2 · (ℜ‘(𝐴 · (∗‘𝐵))))))
 
Theoremabsval2 9533 Value of absolute value function. Definition 10.36 of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘𝐴) = (√‘(((ℜ‘𝐴)↑2) + ((ℑ‘𝐴)↑2))))
 
Theoremabs0 9534 The absolute value of 0. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(abs‘0) = 0
 
Theoremabsi 9535 The absolute value of the imaginary unit. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2005.)
(abs‘i) = 1
 
Theoremabsge0 9536 Absolute value is nonnegative. (Contributed by NM, 20-Nov-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → 0 ≤ (abs‘𝐴))
 
Theoremabsrpclap 9537 The absolute value of a number apart from zero is a positive real. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Aug-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0) → (abs‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ+)
 
Theoremabs00ap 9538 The absolute value of a number is apart from zero iff the number is apart from zero. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Aug-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ((abs‘𝐴) # 0 ↔ 𝐴 # 0))
 
Theoremabsext 9539 Strong extensionality for absolute value. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 12-Aug-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((abs‘𝐴) # (abs‘𝐵) → 𝐴 # 𝐵))
 
Theoremabs00 9540 The absolute value of a number is zero iff the number is zero. Also see abs00ap 9538 which is similar but for apartness. Proposition 10-3.7(c) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 26-Sep-2005.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ((abs‘𝐴) = 0 ↔ 𝐴 = 0))
 
Theoremabs00ad 9541 A complex number is zero iff its absolute value is zero. Deduction form of abs00 9540. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → ((abs‘𝐴) = 0 ↔ 𝐴 = 0))
 
Theoremabs00bd 9542 If a complex number is zero, its absolute value is zero. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 0)       (𝜑 → (abs‘𝐴) = 0)
 
Theoremabsreimsq 9543 Square of the absolute value of a number that has been decomposed into real and imaginary parts. (Contributed by NM, 1-Feb-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → ((abs‘(𝐴 + (i · 𝐵)))↑2) = ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)))
 
Theoremabsreim 9544 Absolute value of a number that has been decomposed into real and imaginary parts. (Contributed by NM, 14-Jan-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (abs‘(𝐴 + (i · 𝐵))) = (√‘((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2))))
 
Theoremabsmul 9545 Absolute value distributes over multiplication. Proposition 10-3.7(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 11-Oct-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (abs‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = ((abs‘𝐴) · (abs‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremabsdivap 9546 Absolute value distributes over division. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Aug-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 # 0) → (abs‘(𝐴 / 𝐵)) = ((abs‘𝐴) / (abs‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremabsid 9547 A nonnegative number is its own absolute value. (Contributed by NM, 11-Oct-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → (abs‘𝐴) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremabs1 9548 The absolute value of 1. Common special case. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 16-Jul-2016.)
(abs‘1) = 1
 
Theoremabsnid 9549 A negative number is the negative of its own absolute value. (Contributed by NM, 27-Feb-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ≤ 0) → (abs‘𝐴) = -𝐴)
 
Theoremleabs 9550 A real number is less than or equal to its absolute value. (Contributed by NM, 27-Feb-2005.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → 𝐴 ≤ (abs‘𝐴))
 
Theoremabsre 9551 Absolute value of a real number. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (abs‘𝐴) = (√‘(𝐴↑2)))
 
Theoremabsresq 9552 Square of the absolute value of a real number. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jan-2006.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → ((abs‘𝐴)↑2) = (𝐴↑2))
 
Theoremabsexp 9553 Absolute value of positive integer exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jan-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (abs‘(𝐴𝑁)) = ((abs‘𝐴)↑𝑁))
 
Theoremabsexpzap 9554 Absolute value of integer exponentiation. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Aug-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘(𝐴𝑁)) = ((abs‘𝐴)↑𝑁))
 
Theoremabssq 9555 Square can be moved in and out of absolute value. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 18-Apr-2014.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ((abs‘𝐴)↑2) = (abs‘(𝐴↑2)))
 
Theoremsqabs 9556 The squares of two reals are equal iff their absolute values are equal. (Contributed by NM, 6-Mar-2009.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → ((𝐴↑2) = (𝐵↑2) ↔ (abs‘𝐴) = (abs‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremabsrele 9557 The absolute value of a complex number is greater than or equal to the absolute value of its real part. (Contributed by NM, 1-Apr-2005.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘(ℜ‘𝐴)) ≤ (abs‘𝐴))
 
Theoremabsimle 9558 The absolute value of a complex number is greater than or equal to the absolute value of its imaginary part. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘(ℑ‘𝐴)) ≤ (abs‘𝐴))
 
Theoremnn0abscl 9559 The absolute value of an integer is a nonnegative integer. (Contributed by NM, 27-Feb-2005.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝐴) ∈ ℕ0)
 
Theoremzabscl 9560 The absolute value of an integer is an integer. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 24-Sep-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝐴) ∈ ℤ)
 
Theoremltabs 9561 A number which is less than its absolute value is negative. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 12-Aug-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 < (abs‘𝐴)) → 𝐴 < 0)
 
Theoremabslt 9562 Absolute value and 'less than' relation. (Contributed by NM, 6-Apr-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → ((abs‘𝐴) < 𝐵 ↔ (-𝐵 < 𝐴𝐴 < 𝐵)))
 
Theoremabsle 9563 Absolute value and 'less than or equal to' relation. (Contributed by NM, 6-Apr-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → ((abs‘𝐴) ≤ 𝐵 ↔ (-𝐵𝐴𝐴𝐵)))
 
Theoremabssubap0 9564 If the absolute value of a complex number is less than a real, its difference from the real is apart from zero. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 12-Aug-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ (abs‘𝐴) < 𝐵) → (𝐵𝐴) # 0)
 
Theoremabssubne0 9565 If the absolute value of a complex number is less than a real, its difference from the real is nonzero. See also abssubap0 9564 which is the same with not equal changed to apart. (Contributed by NM, 2-Nov-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ (abs‘𝐴) < 𝐵) → (𝐵𝐴) ≠ 0)
 
Theoremabsdiflt 9566 The absolute value of a difference and 'less than' relation. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 18-Sep-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℝ) → ((abs‘(𝐴𝐵)) < 𝐶 ↔ ((𝐵𝐶) < 𝐴𝐴 < (𝐵 + 𝐶))))
 
Theoremabsdifle 9567 The absolute value of a difference and 'less than or equal to' relation. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 18-Sep-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℝ) → ((abs‘(𝐴𝐵)) ≤ 𝐶 ↔ ((𝐵𝐶) ≤ 𝐴𝐴 ≤ (𝐵 + 𝐶))))
 
Theoremelicc4abs 9568 Membership in a symmetric closed real interval. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 16-Nov-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐶 ∈ ((𝐴𝐵)[,](𝐴 + 𝐵)) ↔ (abs‘(𝐶𝐴)) ≤ 𝐵))
 
Theoremlenegsq 9569 Comparison to a nonnegative number based on comparison to squares. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jan-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵) → ((𝐴𝐵 ∧ -𝐴𝐵) ↔ (𝐴↑2) ≤ (𝐵↑2)))
 
Theoremreleabs 9570 The real part of a number is less than or equal to its absolute value. Proposition 10-3.7(d) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 1-Apr-2005.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (ℜ‘𝐴) ≤ (abs‘𝐴))
 
Theoremrecvalap 9571 Reciprocal expressed with a real denominator. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Aug-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0) → (1 / 𝐴) = ((∗‘𝐴) / ((abs‘𝐴)↑2)))
 
Theoremabsidm 9572 The absolute value function is idempotent. (Contributed by NM, 20-Nov-2004.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘(abs‘𝐴)) = (abs‘𝐴))
 
Theoremabsgt0ap 9573 The absolute value of a number apart from zero is positive. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Aug-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 # 0 ↔ 0 < (abs‘𝐴)))
 
Theoremnnabscl 9574 The absolute value of a nonzero integer is a positive integer. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 21-Mar-2011.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0) → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ)
 
Theoremabssub 9575 Swapping order of subtraction doesn't change the absolute value. (Contributed by NM, 1-Oct-1999.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (abs‘(𝐴𝐵)) = (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)))
 
Theoremabssubge0 9576 Absolute value of a nonnegative difference. (Contributed by NM, 14-Feb-2008.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)) = (𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremabssuble0 9577 Absolute value of a nonpositive difference. (Contributed by FL, 3-Jan-2008.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → (abs‘(𝐴𝐵)) = (𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremabstri 9578 Triangle inequality for absolute value. Proposition 10-3.7(h) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 7-Mar-2005.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (abs‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) ≤ ((abs‘𝐴) + (abs‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremabs3dif 9579 Absolute value of differences around common element. (Contributed by FL, 9-Oct-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (abs‘(𝐴𝐵)) ≤ ((abs‘(𝐴𝐶)) + (abs‘(𝐶𝐵))))
 
Theoremabs2dif 9580 Difference of absolute values. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 7-Sep-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((abs‘𝐴) − (abs‘𝐵)) ≤ (abs‘(𝐴𝐵)))
 
Theoremabs2dif2 9581 Difference of absolute values. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Apr-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (abs‘(𝐴𝐵)) ≤ ((abs‘𝐴) + (abs‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremabs2difabs 9582 Absolute value of difference of absolute values. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 7-Sep-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (abs‘((abs‘𝐴) − (abs‘𝐵))) ≤ (abs‘(𝐴𝐵)))
 
Theoremrecan 9583* Cancellation law involving the real part of a complex number. (Contributed by NM, 12-May-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (∀𝑥 ∈ ℂ (ℜ‘(𝑥 · 𝐴)) = (ℜ‘(𝑥 · 𝐵)) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremabsf 9584 Mapping domain and codomain of the absolute value function. (Contributed by NM, 30-Aug-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 7-Nov-2013.)
abs:ℂ⟶ℝ
 
Theoremabs3lem 9585 Lemma involving absolute value of differences. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-1999.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℝ)) → (((abs‘(𝐴𝐶)) < (𝐷 / 2) ∧ (abs‘(𝐶𝐵)) < (𝐷 / 2)) → (abs‘(𝐴𝐵)) < 𝐷))
 
Theoremfzomaxdiflem 9586 Lemma for fzomaxdif 9587. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 6-Sep-2015.)
(((𝐴 ∈ (𝐶..^𝐷) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝐶..^𝐷)) ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)) ∈ (0..^(𝐷𝐶)))
 
Theoremfzomaxdif 9587 A bound on the separation of two points in a half-open range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 6-Sep-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝐶..^𝐷) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝐶..^𝐷)) → (abs‘(𝐴𝐵)) ∈ (0..^(𝐷𝐶)))
 
Theoremcau3lem 9588* Lemma for cau3 9589. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Feb-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 1-May-2014.)
𝑍 ⊆ ℤ    &   (𝜏𝜓)    &   ((𝐹𝑘) = (𝐹𝑗) → (𝜓𝜒))    &   ((𝐹𝑘) = (𝐹𝑚) → (𝜓𝜃))    &   ((𝜑𝜒𝜓) → (𝐺‘((𝐹𝑗)𝐷(𝐹𝑘))) = (𝐺‘((𝐹𝑘)𝐷(𝐹𝑗))))    &   ((𝜑𝜃𝜒) → (𝐺‘((𝐹𝑚)𝐷(𝐹𝑗))) = (𝐺‘((𝐹𝑗)𝐷(𝐹𝑚))))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝜓𝜃) ∧ (𝜒𝑥 ∈ ℝ)) → (((𝐺‘((𝐹𝑘)𝐷(𝐹𝑗))) < (𝑥 / 2) ∧ (𝐺‘((𝐹𝑗)𝐷(𝐹𝑚))) < (𝑥 / 2)) → (𝐺‘((𝐹𝑘)𝐷(𝐹𝑚))) < 𝑥))       (𝜑 → (∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗𝑍𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)(𝜏 ∧ (𝐺‘((𝐹𝑘)𝐷(𝐹𝑗))) < 𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗𝑍𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)(𝜏 ∧ ∀𝑚 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐺‘((𝐹𝑘)𝐷(𝐹𝑚))) < 𝑥)))
 
Theoremcau3 9589* Convert between three-quantifier and four-quantifier versions of the Cauchy criterion. (In particular, the four-quantifier version has no occurrence of 𝑗 in the assertion, so it can be used with rexanuz 9465 and friends.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Feb-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)       (∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗𝑍𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − (𝐹𝑗))) < 𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗𝑍𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑚 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − (𝐹𝑚))) < 𝑥))
 
Theoremcau4 9590* Change the base of a Cauchy criterion. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Mar-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   𝑊 = (ℤ𝑁)       (𝑁𝑍 → (∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗𝑍𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − (𝐹𝑗))) < 𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗𝑊𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − (𝐹𝑗))) < 𝑥)))
 
Theoremcaubnd2 9591* A Cauchy sequence of complex numbers is eventually bounded. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Feb-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)       (∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗𝑍𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − (𝐹𝑗))) < 𝑥) → ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑗𝑍𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)(abs‘(𝐹𝑘)) < 𝑦)
 
Theoremamgm2 9592 Arithmetic-geometric mean inequality for 𝑛 = 2. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 2-Jul-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵)) → (√‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) ≤ ((𝐴 + 𝐵) / 2))
 
Theoremsqrtthi 9593 Square root theorem. Theorem I.35 of [Apostol] p. 29. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Sep-2013.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ       (0 ≤ 𝐴 → ((√‘𝐴) · (√‘𝐴)) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremsqrtcli 9594 The square root of a nonnegative real is a real. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Sep-2013.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ       (0 ≤ 𝐴 → (√‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremsqrtgt0i 9595 The square root of a positive real is positive. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Sep-2013.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ       (0 < 𝐴 → 0 < (√‘𝐴))
 
Theoremsqrtmsqi 9596 Square root of square. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ       (0 ≤ 𝐴 → (√‘(𝐴 · 𝐴)) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremsqrtsqi 9597 Square root of square. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ       (0 ≤ 𝐴 → (√‘(𝐴↑2)) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremsqsqrti 9598 Square of square root. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ       (0 ≤ 𝐴 → ((√‘𝐴)↑2) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremsqrtge0i 9599 The square root of a nonnegative real is nonnegative. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Sep-2013.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ       (0 ≤ 𝐴 → 0 ≤ (√‘𝐴))
 
Theoremabsidi 9600 A nonnegative number is its own absolute value. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ       (0 ≤ 𝐴 → (abs‘𝐴) = 𝐴)
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