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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 7501-7600   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremltaddsubi 7501 'Less than' relationship between subtraction and addition. (Contributed by NM, 14-May-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℝ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℝ       ((𝐴 + 𝐵) < 𝐶𝐴 < (𝐶𝐵))

Theoremlt2addi 7502 Adding both side of two inequalities. Theorem I.25 of [Apostol] p. 20. (Contributed by NM, 14-May-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℝ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℝ    &   𝐷 ∈ ℝ       ((𝐴 < 𝐶𝐵 < 𝐷) → (𝐴 + 𝐵) < (𝐶 + 𝐷))

Theoremle2addi 7503 Adding both side of two inequalities. (Contributed by NM, 16-Sep-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℝ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℝ    &   𝐷 ∈ ℝ       ((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → (𝐴 + 𝐵) ≤ (𝐶 + 𝐷))

Theoremgt0ne0d 7504 Positive implies nonzero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑 → 0 < 𝐴)       (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)

Theoremlt0ne0d 7505 Something less than zero is not zero. Deduction form. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 < 0)       (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)

Theoremleidd 7506 'Less than or equal to' is reflexive. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑𝐴𝐴)

Theoremlt0neg1d 7507 Comparison of a number and its negative to zero. Theorem I.23 of [Apostol] p. 20. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 < 0 ↔ 0 < -𝐴))

Theoremlt0neg2d 7508 Comparison of a number and its negative to zero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (0 < 𝐴 ↔ -𝐴 < 0))

Theoremle0neg1d 7509 Comparison of a number and its negative to zero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 ≤ 0 ↔ 0 ≤ -𝐴))

Theoremle0neg2d 7510 Comparison of a number and its negative to zero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (0 ≤ 𝐴 ↔ -𝐴 ≤ 0))

Theoremaddgegt0d 7511 Addition of nonnegative and positive numbers is positive. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ 𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → 0 < 𝐵)       (𝜑 → 0 < (𝐴 + 𝐵))

Theoremaddgt0d 7512 Addition of 2 positive numbers is positive. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → 0 < 𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → 0 < 𝐵)       (𝜑 → 0 < (𝐴 + 𝐵))

Theoremaddge0d 7513 Addition of 2 nonnegative numbers is nonnegative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ 𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ 𝐵)       (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (𝐴 + 𝐵))

Theoremltnegd 7514 Negative of both sides of 'less than'. Theorem I.23 of [Apostol] p. 20. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ -𝐵 < -𝐴))

Theoremlenegd 7515 Negative of both sides of 'less than or equal to'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ -𝐵 ≤ -𝐴))

Theoremltnegcon1d 7516 Contraposition of negative in 'less than'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → -𝐴 < 𝐵)       (𝜑 → -𝐵 < 𝐴)

Theoremltnegcon2d 7517 Contraposition of negative in 'less than'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 < -𝐵)       (𝜑𝐵 < -𝐴)

Theoremlenegcon1d 7518 Contraposition of negative in 'less than or equal to'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → -𝐴𝐵)       (𝜑 → -𝐵𝐴)

Theoremlenegcon2d 7519 Contraposition of negative in 'less than or equal to'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≤ -𝐵)       (𝜑𝐵 ≤ -𝐴)

Theoremltaddposd 7520 Adding a positive number to another number increases it. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (0 < 𝐴𝐵 < (𝐵 + 𝐴)))

Theoremltaddpos2d 7521 Adding a positive number to another number increases it. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (0 < 𝐴𝐵 < (𝐴 + 𝐵)))

Theoremltsubposd 7522 Subtracting a positive number from another number decreases it. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (0 < 𝐴 ↔ (𝐵𝐴) < 𝐵))

Theoremposdifd 7523 Comparison of two numbers whose difference is positive. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ 0 < (𝐵𝐴)))

Theoremaddge01d 7524 A number is less than or equal to itself plus a nonnegative number. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (0 ≤ 𝐵𝐴 ≤ (𝐴 + 𝐵)))

Theoremaddge02d 7525 A number is less than or equal to itself plus a nonnegative number. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (0 ≤ 𝐵𝐴 ≤ (𝐵 + 𝐴)))

Theoremsubge0d 7526 Nonnegative subtraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (0 ≤ (𝐴𝐵) ↔ 𝐵𝐴))

Theoremsuble0d 7527 Nonpositive subtraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴𝐵) ≤ 0 ↔ 𝐴𝐵))

Theoremsubge02d 7528 Nonnegative subtraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (0 ≤ 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴𝐵) ≤ 𝐴))

Theoremltadd1d 7529 Addition to both sides of 'less than'. Theorem I.18 of [Apostol] p. 20. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 + 𝐶) < (𝐵 + 𝐶)))

Theoremleadd1d 7530 Addition to both sides of 'less than or equal to'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 + 𝐶) ≤ (𝐵 + 𝐶)))

Theoremleadd2d 7531 Addition to both sides of 'less than or equal to'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐶 + 𝐴) ≤ (𝐶 + 𝐵)))

Theoremltsubaddd 7532 'Less than' relationship between subtraction and addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴𝐵) < 𝐶𝐴 < (𝐶 + 𝐵)))

Theoremlesubaddd 7533 'Less than or equal to' relationship between subtraction and addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴𝐵) ≤ 𝐶𝐴 ≤ (𝐶 + 𝐵)))

Theoremltsubadd2d 7534 'Less than' relationship between subtraction and addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴𝐵) < 𝐶𝐴 < (𝐵 + 𝐶)))

Theoremlesubadd2d 7535 'Less than or equal to' relationship between subtraction and addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴𝐵) ≤ 𝐶𝐴 ≤ (𝐵 + 𝐶)))

Theoremltaddsubd 7536 'Less than' relationship between subtraction and addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) < 𝐶𝐴 < (𝐶𝐵)))

Theoremltaddsub2d 7537 'Less than' relationship between subtraction and addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-Dec-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) < 𝐶𝐵 < (𝐶𝐴)))

Theoremleaddsub2d 7538 'Less than or equal to' relationship between and addition and subtraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) ≤ 𝐶𝐵 ≤ (𝐶𝐴)))

Theoremsubled 7539 Swap subtrahends in an inequality. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵) ≤ 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐶) ≤ 𝐵)

Theoremlesubd 7540 Swap subtrahends in an inequality. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≤ (𝐵𝐶))       (𝜑𝐶 ≤ (𝐵𝐴))

Theoremltsub23d 7541 'Less than' relationship between subtraction and addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵) < 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐶) < 𝐵)

Theoremltsub13d 7542 'Less than' relationship between subtraction and addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 < (𝐵𝐶))       (𝜑𝐶 < (𝐵𝐴))

Theoremlesub1d 7543 Subtraction from both sides of 'less than or equal to'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐴𝐶) ≤ (𝐵𝐶)))

Theoremlesub2d 7544 Subtraction of both sides of 'less than or equal to'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐶𝐵) ≤ (𝐶𝐴)))

Theoremltsub1d 7545 Subtraction from both sides of 'less than'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴𝐶) < (𝐵𝐶)))

Theoremltsub2d 7546 Subtraction of both sides of 'less than'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ (𝐶𝐵) < (𝐶𝐴)))

Theoremltadd1dd 7547 Addition to both sides of 'less than'. Theorem I.18 of [Apostol] p. 20. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 < 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 + 𝐶) < (𝐵 + 𝐶))

Theoremltsub1dd 7548 Subtraction from both sides of 'less than'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 < 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐶) < (𝐵𝐶))

Theoremltsub2dd 7549 Subtraction of both sides of 'less than'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 < 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐶𝐵) < (𝐶𝐴))

Theoremleadd1dd 7550 Addition to both sides of 'less than or equal to'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 + 𝐶) ≤ (𝐵 + 𝐶))

Theoremleadd2dd 7551 Addition to both sides of 'less than or equal to'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐶 + 𝐴) ≤ (𝐶 + 𝐵))

Theoremlesub1dd 7552 Subtraction from both sides of 'less than or equal to'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐶) ≤ (𝐵𝐶))

Theoremlesub2dd 7553 Subtraction of both sides of 'less than or equal to'. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐶𝐵) ≤ (𝐶𝐴))

Theoremle2addd 7554 Adding both side of two inequalities. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 + 𝐵) ≤ (𝐶 + 𝐷))

Theoremle2subd 7555 Subtracting both sides of two 'less than or equal to' relations. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐷) ≤ (𝐶𝐵))

Theoremltleaddd 7556 Adding both sides of two orderings. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 < 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 + 𝐵) < (𝐶 + 𝐷))

Theoremleltaddd 7557 Adding both sides of two orderings. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵 < 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 + 𝐵) < (𝐶 + 𝐷))

Theoremlt2addd 7558 Adding both side of two inequalities. Theorem I.25 of [Apostol] p. 20. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 < 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵 < 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 + 𝐵) < (𝐶 + 𝐷))

Theoremlt2subd 7559 Subtracting both sides of two 'less than' relations. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 < 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵 < 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐷) < (𝐶𝐵))

Theorempossumd 7560 Condition for a positive sum. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 16-Dec-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (0 < (𝐴 + 𝐵) ↔ -𝐵 < 𝐴))

Theoremsublt0d 7561 When a subtraction gives a negative result. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 11-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴𝐵) < 0 ↔ 𝐴 < 𝐵))

Theoremltaddsublt 7562 Addition and subtraction on one side of 'less than'. (Contributed by AV, 24-Nov-2018.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐵 < 𝐶 ↔ ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − 𝐶) < 𝐴))

Theorem1le1 7563 1 ≤ 1. Common special case. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 16-Jul-2016.)
1 ≤ 1

Theoremgt0add 7564 A positive sum must have a positive addend. Part of Definition 11.2.7(vi) of [HoTT], p. (varies). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 26-Jan-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < (𝐴 + 𝐵)) → (0 < 𝐴 ∨ 0 < 𝐵))

3.3.5  Real Apartness

Syntaxcreap 7565 Class of real apartness relation.
class #

Definitiondf-reap 7566* Define real apartness. Definition in Section 11.2.1 of [HoTT], p. (varies). Although # is an apartness relation on the reals (see df-ap 7573 for more discussion of apartness relations), for our purposes it is just a stepping stone to defining # which is an apartness relation on complex numbers. On the reals, # and # agree (apreap 7578). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 26-Jan-2020.)
# = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ) ∧ (𝑥 < 𝑦𝑦 < 𝑥))}

Theoremreapval 7567 Real apartness in terms of classes. Beyond the development of # itself, proofs should use reaplt 7579 instead. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Jan-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴 # 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 < 𝐵𝐵 < 𝐴)))

Theoremreapirr 7568 Real apartness is irreflexive. Part of Definition 11.2.7(v) of [HoTT], p. (varies). Beyond the development of # itself, proofs should use apirr 7596 instead. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 26-Jan-2020.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → ¬ 𝐴 # 𝐴)

Theoremrecexre 7569* Existence of reciprocal of real number. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Jan-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 # 0) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (𝐴 · 𝑥) = 1)

Theoremreapti 7570 Real apartness is tight. Beyond the development of apartness itself, proofs should use apti 7613. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Jan-2020.) (New usage is discouraged.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ ¬ 𝐴 # 𝐵))

Theoremrecexgt0 7571* Existence of reciprocal of positive real number. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Feb-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 < 𝑥 ∧ (𝐴 · 𝑥) = 1))

3.3.6  Complex Apartness

Syntaxcap 7572 Class of complex apartness relation.
class #

Definitiondf-ap 7573* Define complex apartness. Definition 6.1 of [Geuvers], p. 17.

Two numbers are considered apart if it is possible to separate them. One common usage is that we can divide by a number if it is apart from zero (see for example recclap 7658 which says that a number apart from zero has a reciprocal).

The defining characteristics of an apartness are irreflexivity (apirr 7596), symmetry (apsym 7597), and cotransitivity (apcotr 7598). Apartness implies negated equality, as seen at apne 7614, and the converse would also follow if we assumed excluded middle.

In addition, apartness of complex numbers is tight, which means that two numbers which are not apart are equal (apti 7613).

(Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 26-Jan-2020.)

# = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ∃𝑟 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑠 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑡 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑢 ∈ ℝ ((𝑥 = (𝑟 + (i · 𝑠)) ∧ 𝑦 = (𝑡 + (i · 𝑢))) ∧ (𝑟 # 𝑡𝑠 # 𝑢))}

Theoremixi 7574 i times itself is minus 1. (Contributed by NM, 6-May-1999.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
(i · i) = -1

Theoreminelr 7575 The imaginary unit i is not a real number. (Contributed by NM, 6-May-1999.)
¬ i ∈ ℝ

Theoremrimul 7576 A real number times the imaginary unit is real only if the number is 0. (Contributed by NM, 28-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ (i · 𝐴) ∈ ℝ) → 𝐴 = 0)

Theoremrereim 7577 Decomposition of a real number into real part (itself) and imaginary part (zero). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Jan-2020.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 = (𝐵 + (i · 𝐶)))) → (𝐵 = 𝐴𝐶 = 0))

Theoremapreap 7578 Complex apartness and real apartness agree on the real numbers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 31-Jan-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴 # 𝐵𝐴 # 𝐵))

Theoremreaplt 7579 Real apartness in terms of less than. Part of Definition 11.2.7(vi) of [HoTT], p. (varies). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 1-Feb-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴 # 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 < 𝐵𝐵 < 𝐴)))

Theoremreapltxor 7580 Real apartness in terms of less than (exclusive-or version). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Mar-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴 # 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 < 𝐵𝐵 < 𝐴)))

Theorem1ap0 7581 One is apart from zero. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 24-Feb-2020.)
1 # 0

Theoremltmul1a 7582 Multiplication of both sides of 'less than' by a positive number. Theorem I.19 of [Apostol] p. 20. (Contributed by NM, 15-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐶)) ∧ 𝐴 < 𝐵) → (𝐴 · 𝐶) < (𝐵 · 𝐶))

Theoremltmul1 7583 Multiplication of both sides of 'less than' by a positive number. Theorem I.19 of [Apostol] p. 20. Part of Definition 11.2.7(vi) of [HoTT], p. (varies). (Contributed by NM, 13-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐶)) → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 · 𝐶) < (𝐵 · 𝐶)))

Theoremlemul1 7584 Multiplication of both sides of 'less than or equal to' by a positive number. (Contributed by NM, 21-Feb-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐶)) → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 · 𝐶) ≤ (𝐵 · 𝐶)))

Theoremreapmul1lem 7585 Lemma for reapmul1 7586. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Feb-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐶)) → (𝐴 # 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 · 𝐶) # (𝐵 · 𝐶)))

Theoremreapmul1 7586 Multiplication of both sides of real apartness by a real number apart from zero. Special case of apmul1 7764. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Feb-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐶 # 0)) → (𝐴 # 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 · 𝐶) # (𝐵 · 𝐶)))

((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴 # 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 + 𝐶) # (𝐵 + 𝐶)))

Theoremreapneg 7588 Real negation respects apartness. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Feb-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴 # 𝐵 ↔ -𝐴 # -𝐵))

Theoremreapcotr 7589 Real apartness is cotransitive. Part of Definition 11.2.7(v) of [HoTT], p. (varies). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Feb-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴 # 𝐵 → (𝐴 # 𝐶𝐵 # 𝐶)))

Theoremremulext1 7590 Left extensionality for multiplication. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Feb-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℝ) → ((𝐴 · 𝐶) # (𝐵 · 𝐶) → 𝐴 # 𝐵))

Theoremremulext2 7591 Right extensionality for real multiplication. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Feb-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℝ) → ((𝐶 · 𝐴) # (𝐶 · 𝐵) → 𝐴 # 𝐵))

Theoremapsqgt0 7592 The square of a real number apart from zero is positive. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Feb-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 # 0) → 0 < (𝐴 · 𝐴))

Theoremcru 7593 The representation of complex numbers in terms of real and imaginary parts is unique. Proposition 10-1.3 of [Gleason] p. 130. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1999.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℝ)) → ((𝐴 + (i · 𝐵)) = (𝐶 + (i · 𝐷)) ↔ (𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐷)))

Theoremapreim 7594 Complex apartness in terms of real and imaginary parts. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 12-Feb-2020.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℝ)) → ((𝐴 + (i · 𝐵)) # (𝐶 + (i · 𝐷)) ↔ (𝐴 # 𝐶𝐵 # 𝐷)))

Theoremmulreim 7595 Complex multiplication in terms of real and imaginary parts. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Feb-2020.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℝ)) → ((𝐴 + (i · 𝐵)) · (𝐶 + (i · 𝐷))) = (((𝐴 · 𝐶) + -(𝐵 · 𝐷)) + (i · ((𝐶 · 𝐵) + (𝐷 · 𝐴)))))

Theoremapirr 7596 Apartness is irreflexive. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Feb-2020.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ¬ 𝐴 # 𝐴)

Theoremapsym 7597 Apartness is symmetric. This theorem for real numbers is part of Definition 11.2.7(v) of [HoTT], p. (varies). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Feb-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 # 𝐵𝐵 # 𝐴))

Theoremapcotr 7598 Apartness is cotransitive. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Feb-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 # 𝐵 → (𝐴 # 𝐶𝐵 # 𝐶)))