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Type | Label | Description |
---|---|---|
Statement | ||
Syntax | wlim 4101 | Extend the definition of a wff to include the limit ordinal predicate. |
wff Lim 𝐴 | ||
Syntax | csuc 4102 | Extend class notation to include the successor function. |
class suc 𝐴 | ||
Definition | df-iord 4103* | Define the ordinal predicate, which is true for a class that is transitive and whose elements are transitive. Definition of ordinal in [Crosilla], p. "Set-theoretic principles incompatible with intuitionistic logic". (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Oct-2018.) Use its alias dford3 4104 instead for naming consistency with set.mm. (New usage is discouraged.) |
⊢ (Ord 𝐴 ↔ (Tr 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 Tr 𝑥)) | ||
Theorem | dford3 4104* | Alias for df-iord 4103. Use it instead of df-iord 4103 for naming consistency with set.mm. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Oct-2018.) |
⊢ (Ord 𝐴 ↔ (Tr 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 Tr 𝑥)) | ||
Definition | df-on 4105 | Define the class of all ordinal numbers. Definition 7.11 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 38. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jun-1994.) |
⊢ On = {𝑥 ∣ Ord 𝑥} | ||
Definition | df-ilim 4106 | Define the limit ordinal predicate, which is true for an ordinal that has the empty set as an element and is not a successor (i.e. that is the union of itself). Our definition combines the definition of Lim of [BellMachover] p. 471 and Exercise 1 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 42, and then changes 𝐴 ≠ ∅ to ∅ ∈ 𝐴 (which would be equivalent given the law of the excluded middle, but which is not for us). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Nov-2018.) Use its alias dflim2 4107 instead for naming consistency with set.mm. (New usage is discouraged.) |
⊢ (Lim 𝐴 ↔ (Ord 𝐴 ∧ ∅ ∈ 𝐴 ∧ 𝐴 = ∪ 𝐴)) | ||
Theorem | dflim2 4107 | Alias for df-ilim 4106. Use it instead of df-ilim 4106 for naming consistency with set.mm. (Contributed by NM, 4-Nov-2004.) |
⊢ (Lim 𝐴 ↔ (Ord 𝐴 ∧ ∅ ∈ 𝐴 ∧ 𝐴 = ∪ 𝐴)) | ||
Definition | df-suc 4108 | Define the successor of a class. When applied to an ordinal number, the successor means the same thing as "plus 1". Definition 7.22 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 41, who use "+ 1" to denote this function. Our definition is a generalization to classes. Although it is not conventional to use it with proper classes, it has no effect on a proper class (sucprc 4149). Some authors denote the successor operation with a prime (apostrophe-like) symbol, such as Definition 6 of [Suppes] p. 134 and the definition of successor in [Mendelson] p. 246 (who uses the symbol "Suc" as a predicate to mean "is a successor ordinal"). The definition of successor of [Enderton] p. 68 denotes the operation with a plus-sign superscript. (Contributed by NM, 30-Aug-1993.) |
⊢ suc 𝐴 = (𝐴 ∪ {𝐴}) | ||
Theorem | ordeq 4109 | Equality theorem for the ordinal predicate. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-1993.) |
⊢ (𝐴 = 𝐵 → (Ord 𝐴 ↔ Ord 𝐵)) | ||
Theorem | elong 4110 | An ordinal number is an ordinal set. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jun-1994.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ On ↔ Ord 𝐴)) | ||
Theorem | elon 4111 | An ordinal number is an ordinal set. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jun-1994.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (𝐴 ∈ On ↔ Ord 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | eloni 4112 | An ordinal number has the ordinal property. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jun-1994.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ On → Ord 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | elon2 4113 | An ordinal number is an ordinal set. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2004.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ On ↔ (Ord 𝐴 ∧ 𝐴 ∈ V)) | ||
Theorem | limeq 4114 | Equality theorem for the limit predicate. (Contributed by NM, 22-Apr-1994.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.) |
⊢ (𝐴 = 𝐵 → (Lim 𝐴 ↔ Lim 𝐵)) | ||
Theorem | ordtr 4115 | An ordinal class is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 3-Apr-1994.) |
⊢ (Ord 𝐴 → Tr 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | ordelss 4116 | An element of an ordinal class is a subset of it. (Contributed by NM, 30-May-1994.) |
⊢ ((Ord 𝐴 ∧ 𝐵 ∈ 𝐴) → 𝐵 ⊆ 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | trssord 4117 | A transitive subclass of an ordinal class is ordinal. (Contributed by NM, 29-May-1994.) |
⊢ ((Tr 𝐴 ∧ 𝐴 ⊆ 𝐵 ∧ Ord 𝐵) → Ord 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | ordelord 4118 | An element of an ordinal class is ordinal. Proposition 7.6 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 36. (Contributed by NM, 23-Apr-1994.) |
⊢ ((Ord 𝐴 ∧ 𝐵 ∈ 𝐴) → Ord 𝐵) | ||
Theorem | tron 4119 | The class of all ordinal numbers is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 4-May-2009.) |
⊢ Tr On | ||
Theorem | ordelon 4120 | An element of an ordinal class is an ordinal number. (Contributed by NM, 26-Oct-2003.) |
⊢ ((Ord 𝐴 ∧ 𝐵 ∈ 𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ On) | ||
Theorem | onelon 4121 | An element of an ordinal number is an ordinal number. Theorem 2.2(iii) of [BellMachover] p. 469. (Contributed by NM, 26-Oct-2003.) |
⊢ ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝐵 ∈ 𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ On) | ||
Theorem | ordin 4122 | The intersection of two ordinal classes is ordinal. Proposition 7.9 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 37. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1994.) |
⊢ ((Ord 𝐴 ∧ Ord 𝐵) → Ord (𝐴 ∩ 𝐵)) | ||
Theorem | onin 4123 | The intersection of two ordinal numbers is an ordinal number. (Contributed by NM, 7-Apr-1995.) |
⊢ ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝐵 ∈ On) → (𝐴 ∩ 𝐵) ∈ On) | ||
Theorem | onelss 4124 | An element of an ordinal number is a subset of the number. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jun-1994.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ On → (𝐵 ∈ 𝐴 → 𝐵 ⊆ 𝐴)) | ||
Theorem | ordtr1 4125 | Transitive law for ordinal classes. (Contributed by NM, 12-Dec-2004.) |
⊢ (Ord 𝐶 → ((𝐴 ∈ 𝐵 ∧ 𝐵 ∈ 𝐶) → 𝐴 ∈ 𝐶)) | ||
Theorem | ontr1 4126 | Transitive law for ordinal numbers. Theorem 7M(b) of [Enderton] p. 192. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-1994.) |
⊢ (𝐶 ∈ On → ((𝐴 ∈ 𝐵 ∧ 𝐵 ∈ 𝐶) → 𝐴 ∈ 𝐶)) | ||
Theorem | onintss 4127* | If a property is true for an ordinal number, then the minimum ordinal number for which it is true is smaller or equal. Theorem Schema 61 of [Suppes] p. 228. (Contributed by NM, 3-Oct-2003.) |
⊢ (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑 ↔ 𝜓)) ⇒ ⊢ (𝐴 ∈ On → (𝜓 → ∩ {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝜑} ⊆ 𝐴)) | ||
Theorem | ord0 4128 | The empty set is an ordinal class. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-1994.) |
⊢ Ord ∅ | ||
Theorem | 0elon 4129 | The empty set is an ordinal number. Corollary 7N(b) of [Enderton] p. 193. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-1993.) |
⊢ ∅ ∈ On | ||
Theorem | inton 4130 | The intersection of the class of ordinal numbers is the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 20-Oct-2003.) |
⊢ ∩ On = ∅ | ||
Theorem | nlim0 4131 | The empty set is not a limit ordinal. (Contributed by NM, 24-Mar-1995.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.) |
⊢ ¬ Lim ∅ | ||
Theorem | limord 4132 | A limit ordinal is ordinal. (Contributed by NM, 4-May-1995.) |
⊢ (Lim 𝐴 → Ord 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | limuni 4133 | A limit ordinal is its own supremum (union). (Contributed by NM, 4-May-1995.) |
⊢ (Lim 𝐴 → 𝐴 = ∪ 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | limuni2 4134 | The union of a limit ordinal is a limit ordinal. (Contributed by NM, 19-Sep-2006.) |
⊢ (Lim 𝐴 → Lim ∪ 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | 0ellim 4135 | A limit ordinal contains the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 15-May-1994.) |
⊢ (Lim 𝐴 → ∅ ∈ 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | limelon 4136 | A limit ordinal class that is also a set is an ordinal number. (Contributed by NM, 26-Apr-2004.) |
⊢ ((𝐴 ∈ 𝐵 ∧ Lim 𝐴) → 𝐴 ∈ On) | ||
Theorem | onn0 4137 | The class of all ordinal numbers is not empty. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-1995.) |
⊢ On ≠ ∅ | ||
Theorem | onm 4138 | The class of all ordinal numbers is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Mar-2019.) |
⊢ ∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ On | ||
Theorem | suceq 4139 | Equality of successors. (Contributed by NM, 30-Aug-1993.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.) |
⊢ (𝐴 = 𝐵 → suc 𝐴 = suc 𝐵) | ||
Theorem | elsuci 4140 | Membership in a successor. This one-way implication does not require that either 𝐴 or 𝐵 be sets. (Contributed by NM, 6-Jun-1994.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ suc 𝐵 → (𝐴 ∈ 𝐵 ∨ 𝐴 = 𝐵)) | ||
Theorem | elsucg 4141 | Membership in a successor. Exercise 5 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 17. (Contributed by NM, 15-Sep-1995.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ suc 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 ∈ 𝐵 ∨ 𝐴 = 𝐵))) | ||
Theorem | elsuc2g 4142 | Variant of membership in a successor, requiring that 𝐵 rather than 𝐴 be a set. (Contributed by NM, 28-Oct-2003.) |
⊢ (𝐵 ∈ 𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ suc 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 ∈ 𝐵 ∨ 𝐴 = 𝐵))) | ||
Theorem | elsuc 4143 | Membership in a successor. Exercise 5 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 17. (Contributed by NM, 15-Sep-2003.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (𝐴 ∈ suc 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 ∈ 𝐵 ∨ 𝐴 = 𝐵)) | ||
Theorem | elsuc2 4144 | Membership in a successor. (Contributed by NM, 15-Sep-2003.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (𝐵 ∈ suc 𝐴 ↔ (𝐵 ∈ 𝐴 ∨ 𝐵 = 𝐴)) | ||
Theorem | nfsuc 4145 | Bound-variable hypothesis builder for successor. (Contributed by NM, 15-Sep-2003.) |
⊢ Ⅎ𝑥𝐴 ⇒ ⊢ Ⅎ𝑥 suc 𝐴 | ||
Theorem | elelsuc 4146 | Membership in a successor. (Contributed by NM, 20-Jun-1998.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝐵 → 𝐴 ∈ suc 𝐵) | ||
Theorem | sucel 4147* | Membership of a successor in another class. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jun-2004.) |
⊢ (suc 𝐴 ∈ 𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ 𝐵 ∀𝑦(𝑦 ∈ 𝑥 ↔ (𝑦 ∈ 𝐴 ∨ 𝑦 = 𝐴))) | ||
Theorem | suc0 4148 | The successor of the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 1-Feb-2005.) |
⊢ suc ∅ = {∅} | ||
Theorem | sucprc 4149 | A proper class is its own successor. (Contributed by NM, 3-Apr-1995.) |
⊢ (¬ 𝐴 ∈ V → suc 𝐴 = 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | unisuc 4150 | A transitive class is equal to the union of its successor. Combines Theorem 4E of [Enderton] p. 72 and Exercise 6 of [Enderton] p. 73. (Contributed by NM, 30-Aug-1993.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (Tr 𝐴 ↔ ∪ suc 𝐴 = 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | unisucg 4151 | A transitive class is equal to the union of its successor. Combines Theorem 4E of [Enderton] p. 72 and Exercise 6 of [Enderton] p. 73. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Aug-2019.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → (Tr 𝐴 ↔ ∪ suc 𝐴 = 𝐴)) | ||
Theorem | sssucid 4152 | A class is included in its own successor. Part of Proposition 7.23 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 41 (generalized to arbitrary classes). (Contributed by NM, 31-May-1994.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ⊆ suc 𝐴 | ||
Theorem | sucidg 4153 | Part of Proposition 7.23 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 41 (generalized). (Contributed by NM, 25-Mar-1995.) (Proof shortened by Scott Fenton, 20-Feb-2012.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → 𝐴 ∈ suc 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | sucid 4154 | A set belongs to its successor. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-1994.) (Proof shortened by Alan Sare, 18-Feb-2012.) (Proof shortened by Scott Fenton, 20-Feb-2012.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ 𝐴 ∈ suc 𝐴 | ||
Theorem | nsuceq0g 4155 | No successor is empty. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Oct-2018.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → suc 𝐴 ≠ ∅) | ||
Theorem | eqelsuc 4156 | A set belongs to the successor of an equal set. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-1994.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (𝐴 = 𝐵 → 𝐴 ∈ suc 𝐵) | ||
Theorem | iunsuc 4157* | Inductive definition for the indexed union at a successor. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Feb-2013.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 18-Nov-2016.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V & ⊢ (𝑥 = 𝐴 → 𝐵 = 𝐶) ⇒ ⊢ ∪ 𝑥 ∈ suc 𝐴𝐵 = (∪ 𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 𝐵 ∪ 𝐶) | ||
Theorem | suctr 4158 | The successor of a transitive class is transitive. (Contributed by Alan Sare, 11-Apr-2009.) |
⊢ (Tr 𝐴 → Tr suc 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | trsuc 4159 | A set whose successor belongs to a transitive class also belongs. (Contributed by NM, 5-Sep-2003.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 12-Aug-2011.) |
⊢ ((Tr 𝐴 ∧ suc 𝐵 ∈ 𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | trsucss 4160 | A member of the successor of a transitive class is a subclass of it. (Contributed by NM, 4-Oct-2003.) |
⊢ (Tr 𝐴 → (𝐵 ∈ suc 𝐴 → 𝐵 ⊆ 𝐴)) | ||
Theorem | sucssel 4161 | A set whose successor is a subset of another class is a member of that class. (Contributed by NM, 16-Sep-1995.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → (suc 𝐴 ⊆ 𝐵 → 𝐴 ∈ 𝐵)) | ||
Theorem | orduniss 4162 | An ordinal class includes its union. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-2003.) |
⊢ (Ord 𝐴 → ∪ 𝐴 ⊆ 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | onordi 4163 | An ordinal number is an ordinal class. (Contributed by NM, 11-Jun-1994.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ On ⇒ ⊢ Ord 𝐴 | ||
Theorem | ontrci 4164 | An ordinal number is a transitive class. (Contributed by NM, 11-Jun-1994.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ On ⇒ ⊢ Tr 𝐴 | ||
Theorem | oneli 4165 | A member of an ordinal number is an ordinal number. Theorem 7M(a) of [Enderton] p. 192. (Contributed by NM, 11-Jun-1994.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ On ⇒ ⊢ (𝐵 ∈ 𝐴 → 𝐵 ∈ On) | ||
Theorem | onelssi 4166 | A member of an ordinal number is a subset of it. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-1994.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ On ⇒ ⊢ (𝐵 ∈ 𝐴 → 𝐵 ⊆ 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | onelini 4167 | An element of an ordinal number equals the intersection with it. (Contributed by NM, 11-Jun-1994.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ On ⇒ ⊢ (𝐵 ∈ 𝐴 → 𝐵 = (𝐵 ∩ 𝐴)) | ||
Theorem | oneluni 4168 | An ordinal number equals its union with any element. (Contributed by NM, 13-Jun-1994.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ On ⇒ ⊢ (𝐵 ∈ 𝐴 → (𝐴 ∪ 𝐵) = 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | onunisuci 4169 | An ordinal number is equal to the union of its successor. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jun-1994.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ On ⇒ ⊢ ∪ suc 𝐴 = 𝐴 | ||
Axiom | ax-un 4170* |
Axiom of Union. An axiom of Intuitionistic Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory.
It states that a set 𝑦 exists that includes the union of a
given set
𝑥 i.e. the collection of all members of
the members of 𝑥. The
variant axun2 4172 states that the union itself exists. A
version with the
standard abbreviation for union is uniex2 4173. A version using class
notation is uniex 4174.
This is Axiom 3 of [Crosilla] p. "Axioms of CZF and IZF", except (a) unnecessary quantifiers are removed, (b) Crosilla has a biconditional rather than an implication (but the two are equivalent by bm1.3ii 3878), and (c) the order of the conjuncts is swapped (which is equivalent by ancom 253). The union of a class df-uni 3581 should not be confused with the union of two classes df-un 2922. Their relationship is shown in unipr 3594. (Contributed by NM, 23-Dec-1993.) |
⊢ ∃𝑦∀𝑧(∃𝑤(𝑧 ∈ 𝑤 ∧ 𝑤 ∈ 𝑥) → 𝑧 ∈ 𝑦) | ||
Theorem | zfun 4171* | Axiom of Union expressed with the fewest number of different variables. (Contributed by NM, 14-Aug-2003.) |
⊢ ∃𝑥∀𝑦(∃𝑥(𝑦 ∈ 𝑥 ∧ 𝑥 ∈ 𝑧) → 𝑦 ∈ 𝑥) | ||
Theorem | axun2 4172* | A variant of the Axiom of Union ax-un 4170. For any set 𝑥, there exists a set 𝑦 whose members are exactly the members of the members of 𝑥 i.e. the union of 𝑥. Axiom Union of [BellMachover] p. 466. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jun-2006.) |
⊢ ∃𝑦∀𝑧(𝑧 ∈ 𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑤(𝑧 ∈ 𝑤 ∧ 𝑤 ∈ 𝑥)) | ||
Theorem | uniex2 4173* | The Axiom of Union using the standard abbreviation for union. Given any set 𝑥, its union 𝑦 exists. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jun-2006.) |
⊢ ∃𝑦 𝑦 = ∪ 𝑥 | ||
Theorem | uniex 4174 | The Axiom of Union in class notation. This says that if 𝐴 is a set i.e. 𝐴 ∈ V (see isset 2561), then the union of 𝐴 is also a set. Same as Axiom 3 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 16. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-1993.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ ∪ 𝐴 ∈ V | ||
Theorem | uniexg 4175 | The ZF Axiom of Union in class notation, in the form of a theorem instead of an inference. We use the antecedent 𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 instead of 𝐴 ∈ V to make the theorem more general and thus shorten some proofs; obviously the universal class constant V is one possible substitution for class variable 𝑉. (Contributed by NM, 25-Nov-1994.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → ∪ 𝐴 ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | unex 4176 | The union of two sets is a set. Corollary 5.8 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 16. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jul-1994.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V & ⊢ 𝐵 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (𝐴 ∪ 𝐵) ∈ V | ||
Theorem | unexb 4177 | Existence of union is equivalent to existence of its components. (Contributed by NM, 11-Jun-1998.) |
⊢ ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ 𝐵 ∈ V) ↔ (𝐴 ∪ 𝐵) ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | unexg 4178 | A union of two sets is a set. Corollary 5.8 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 16. (Contributed by NM, 18-Sep-2006.) |
⊢ ((𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 ∧ 𝐵 ∈ 𝑊) → (𝐴 ∪ 𝐵) ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | tpexg 4179 | An unordered triple of classes exists. (Contributed by NM, 10-Apr-1994.) |
⊢ ((𝐴 ∈ 𝑈 ∧ 𝐵 ∈ 𝑉 ∧ 𝐶 ∈ 𝑊) → {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶} ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | unisn3 4180* | Union of a singleton in the form of a restricted class abstraction. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jul-2008.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝐵 → ∪ {𝑥 ∈ 𝐵 ∣ 𝑥 = 𝐴} = 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | snnex 4181* | The class of all singletons is a proper class. (Contributed by NM, 10-Oct-2008.) (Proof shortened by Eric Schmidt, 7-Dec-2008.) |
⊢ {𝑥 ∣ ∃𝑦 𝑥 = {𝑦}} ∉ V | ||
Theorem | opeluu 4182 | Each member of an ordered pair belongs to the union of the union of a class to which the ordered pair belongs. Lemma 3D of [Enderton] p. 41. (Contributed by NM, 31-Mar-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-Feb-2016.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V & ⊢ 𝐵 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ∈ 𝐶 → (𝐴 ∈ ∪ ∪ 𝐶 ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ∪ ∪ 𝐶)) | ||
Theorem | uniuni 4183* | Expression for double union that moves union into a class builder. (Contributed by FL, 28-May-2007.) |
⊢ ∪ ∪ 𝐴 = ∪ {𝑥 ∣ ∃𝑦(𝑥 = ∪ 𝑦 ∧ 𝑦 ∈ 𝐴)} | ||
Theorem | eusv1 4184* | Two ways to express single-valuedness of a class expression 𝐴(𝑥). (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2010.) |
⊢ (∃!𝑦∀𝑥 𝑦 = 𝐴 ↔ ∃𝑦∀𝑥 𝑦 = 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | eusvnf 4185* | Even if 𝑥 is free in 𝐴, it is effectively bound when 𝐴(𝑥) is single-valued. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2010.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.) |
⊢ (∃!𝑦∀𝑥 𝑦 = 𝐴 → Ⅎ𝑥𝐴) | ||
Theorem | eusvnfb 4186* | Two ways to say that 𝐴(𝑥) is a set expression that does not depend on 𝑥. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Nov-2016.) |
⊢ (∃!𝑦∀𝑥 𝑦 = 𝐴 ↔ (Ⅎ𝑥𝐴 ∧ 𝐴 ∈ V)) | ||
Theorem | eusv2i 4187* | Two ways to express single-valuedness of a class expression 𝐴(𝑥). (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2010.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 18-Nov-2016.) |
⊢ (∃!𝑦∀𝑥 𝑦 = 𝐴 → ∃!𝑦∃𝑥 𝑦 = 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | eusv2nf 4188* | Two ways to express single-valuedness of a class expression 𝐴(𝑥). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Nov-2016.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (∃!𝑦∃𝑥 𝑦 = 𝐴 ↔ Ⅎ𝑥𝐴) | ||
Theorem | eusv2 4189* | Two ways to express single-valuedness of a class expression 𝐴(𝑥). (Contributed by NM, 15-Oct-2010.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 18-Nov-2016.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (∃!𝑦∃𝑥 𝑦 = 𝐴 ↔ ∃!𝑦∀𝑥 𝑦 = 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | reusv1 4190* | Two ways to express single-valuedness of a class expression 𝐶(𝑦). (Contributed by NM, 16-Dec-2012.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 18-Nov-2016.) |
⊢ (∃𝑦 ∈ 𝐵 𝜑 → (∃!𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 ∀𝑦 ∈ 𝐵 (𝜑 → 𝑥 = 𝐶) ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 ∀𝑦 ∈ 𝐵 (𝜑 → 𝑥 = 𝐶))) | ||
Theorem | reusv3i 4191* | Two ways of expressing existential uniqueness via an indirect equality. (Contributed by NM, 23-Dec-2012.) |
⊢ (𝑦 = 𝑧 → (𝜑 ↔ 𝜓)) & ⊢ (𝑦 = 𝑧 → 𝐶 = 𝐷) ⇒ ⊢ (∃𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 ∀𝑦 ∈ 𝐵 (𝜑 → 𝑥 = 𝐶) → ∀𝑦 ∈ 𝐵 ∀𝑧 ∈ 𝐵 ((𝜑 ∧ 𝜓) → 𝐶 = 𝐷)) | ||
Theorem | reusv3 4192* | Two ways to express single-valuedness of a class expression 𝐶(𝑦). See reusv1 4190 for the connection to uniqueness. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-2012.) |
⊢ (𝑦 = 𝑧 → (𝜑 ↔ 𝜓)) & ⊢ (𝑦 = 𝑧 → 𝐶 = 𝐷) ⇒ ⊢ (∃𝑦 ∈ 𝐵 (𝜑 ∧ 𝐶 ∈ 𝐴) → (∀𝑦 ∈ 𝐵 ∀𝑧 ∈ 𝐵 ((𝜑 ∧ 𝜓) → 𝐶 = 𝐷) ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 ∀𝑦 ∈ 𝐵 (𝜑 → 𝑥 = 𝐶))) | ||
Theorem | alxfr 4193* | Transfer universal quantification from a variable 𝑥 to another variable 𝑦 contained in expression 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 18-Feb-2007.) |
⊢ (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑 ↔ 𝜓)) ⇒ ⊢ ((∀𝑦 𝐴 ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑥∃𝑦 𝑥 = 𝐴) → (∀𝑥𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦𝜓)) | ||
Theorem | ralxfrd 4194* | Transfer universal quantification from a variable 𝑥 to another variable 𝑦 contained in expression 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-2014.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 19-Nov-2016.) |
⊢ ((𝜑 ∧ 𝑦 ∈ 𝐶) → 𝐴 ∈ 𝐵) & ⊢ ((𝜑 ∧ 𝑥 ∈ 𝐵) → ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 𝑥 = 𝐴) & ⊢ ((𝜑 ∧ 𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓 ↔ 𝜒)) ⇒ ⊢ (𝜑 → (∀𝑥 ∈ 𝐵 𝜓 ↔ ∀𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 𝜒)) | ||
Theorem | rexxfrd 4195* | Transfer universal quantification from a variable 𝑥 to another variable 𝑦 contained in expression 𝐴. (Contributed by FL, 10-Apr-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2014.) |
⊢ ((𝜑 ∧ 𝑦 ∈ 𝐶) → 𝐴 ∈ 𝐵) & ⊢ ((𝜑 ∧ 𝑥 ∈ 𝐵) → ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 𝑥 = 𝐴) & ⊢ ((𝜑 ∧ 𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓 ↔ 𝜒)) ⇒ ⊢ (𝜑 → (∃𝑥 ∈ 𝐵 𝜓 ↔ ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 𝜒)) | ||
Theorem | ralxfr2d 4196* | Transfer universal quantification from a variable 𝑥 to another variable 𝑦 contained in expression 𝐴. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2014.) |
⊢ ((𝜑 ∧ 𝑦 ∈ 𝐶) → 𝐴 ∈ 𝑉) & ⊢ (𝜑 → (𝑥 ∈ 𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 𝑥 = 𝐴)) & ⊢ ((𝜑 ∧ 𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓 ↔ 𝜒)) ⇒ ⊢ (𝜑 → (∀𝑥 ∈ 𝐵 𝜓 ↔ ∀𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 𝜒)) | ||
Theorem | rexxfr2d 4197* | Transfer universal quantification from a variable 𝑥 to another variable 𝑦 contained in expression 𝐴. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2014.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 19-Nov-2016.) |
⊢ ((𝜑 ∧ 𝑦 ∈ 𝐶) → 𝐴 ∈ 𝑉) & ⊢ (𝜑 → (𝑥 ∈ 𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 𝑥 = 𝐴)) & ⊢ ((𝜑 ∧ 𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓 ↔ 𝜒)) ⇒ ⊢ (𝜑 → (∃𝑥 ∈ 𝐵 𝜓 ↔ ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 𝜒)) | ||
Theorem | ralxfr 4198* | Transfer universal quantification from a variable 𝑥 to another variable 𝑦 contained in expression 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 10-Jun-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2014.) |
⊢ (𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 → 𝐴 ∈ 𝐵) & ⊢ (𝑥 ∈ 𝐵 → ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 𝑥 = 𝐴) & ⊢ (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑 ↔ 𝜓)) ⇒ ⊢ (∀𝑥 ∈ 𝐵 𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 𝜓) | ||
Theorem | ralxfrALT 4199* | Transfer universal quantification from a variable 𝑥 to another variable 𝑦 contained in expression 𝐴. This proof does not use ralxfrd 4194. (Contributed by NM, 10-Jun-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2014.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.) |
⊢ (𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 → 𝐴 ∈ 𝐵) & ⊢ (𝑥 ∈ 𝐵 → ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 𝑥 = 𝐴) & ⊢ (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑 ↔ 𝜓)) ⇒ ⊢ (∀𝑥 ∈ 𝐵 𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 𝜓) | ||
Theorem | rexxfr 4200* | Transfer existence from a variable 𝑥 to another variable 𝑦 contained in expression 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 10-Jun-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2014.) |
⊢ (𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 → 𝐴 ∈ 𝐵) & ⊢ (𝑥 ∈ 𝐵 → ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 𝑥 = 𝐴) & ⊢ (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑 ↔ 𝜓)) ⇒ ⊢ (∃𝑥 ∈ 𝐵 𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝐶 𝜓) |
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