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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 3401-3500   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremsnidb 3401 A class is a set iff it is a member of its singleton. (Contributed by NM, 5-Apr-2004.)
(𝐴 ∈ V ↔ 𝐴 ∈ {𝐴})

Theoremsnid 3402 A set is a member of its singleton. Part of Theorem 7.6 of [Quine] p. 49. (Contributed by NM, 31-Dec-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V       𝐴 ∈ {𝐴}

Theoremvsnid 3403 A setvar variable is a member of its singleton (common case). (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 8-Dec-2018.)
𝑥 ∈ {𝑥}

Theoremelsn2g 3404 There is only one element in a singleton. Exercise 2 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 15. This variation requires only that 𝐵, rather than 𝐴, be a set. (Contributed by NM, 28-Oct-2003.)
(𝐵𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ {𝐵} ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))

Theoremelsn2 3405 There is only one element in a singleton. Exercise 2 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 15. This variation requires only that 𝐵, rather than 𝐴, be a set. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jun-1994.)
𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴 ∈ {𝐵} ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵)

Theoremmosn 3406* A singleton has at most one element. This works whether 𝐴 is a proper class or not, and in that sense can be seen as encompassing both snmg 3486 and snprc 3435. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Aug-2018.)
∃*𝑥 𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}

Theoremralsnsg 3407* Substitution expressed in terms of quantification over a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑[𝐴 / 𝑥]𝜑))

Theoremralsns 3408* Substitution expressed in terms of quantification over a singleton. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑[𝐴 / 𝑥]𝜑))

Theoremrexsns 3409* Restricted existential quantification over a singleton. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.) (Revised by NM, 22-Aug-2018.)
(∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑[𝐴 / 𝑥]𝜑)

TheoremrexsnsOLD 3410* Restricted existential quantification over a singleton. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.) Obsolete as of 22-Aug-2018. Use rexsns 3409 instead. (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑[𝐴 / 𝑥]𝜑))

Theoremralsng 3411* Substitution expressed in terms of quantification over a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑𝜓))

Theoremrexsng 3412* Restricted existential quantification over a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jan-2012.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑𝜓))

Theoremexsnrex 3413 There is a set being the element of a singleton if and only if there is an element of the singleton. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Jan-2018.)
(∃𝑥 𝑀 = {𝑥} ↔ ∃𝑥𝑀 𝑀 = {𝑥})

Theoremralsn 3414* Convert a quantification over a singleton to a substitution. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-2009.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑𝜓)

Theoremrexsn 3415* Restricted existential quantification over a singleton. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 5-Jan-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑𝜓)

Theoremeltpg 3416 Members of an unordered triple of classes. (Contributed by FL, 2-Feb-2014.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 11-Feb-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ {𝐵, 𝐶, 𝐷} ↔ (𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴 = 𝐶𝐴 = 𝐷)))

Theoremeltpi 3417 A member of an unordered triple of classes is one of them. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Feb-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ {𝐵, 𝐶, 𝐷} → (𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴 = 𝐶𝐴 = 𝐷))

Theoremeltp 3418 A member of an unordered triple of classes is one of them. Special case of Exercise 1 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 17. (Contributed by NM, 8-Apr-1994.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 11-Feb-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (𝐴 ∈ {𝐵, 𝐶, 𝐷} ↔ (𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴 = 𝐶𝐴 = 𝐷))

Theoremdftp2 3419* Alternate definition of unordered triple of classes. Special case of Definition 5.3 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 16. (Contributed by NM, 8-Apr-1994.)
{𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶} = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥 = 𝐴𝑥 = 𝐵𝑥 = 𝐶)}

Theoremnfpr 3420 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-1995.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵       𝑥{𝐴, 𝐵}

Theoremralprg 3421* Convert a quantification over a pair to a conjunction. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒)))

Theoremrexprg 3422* Convert a quantification over a pair to a disjunction. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒)))

Theoremraltpg 3423* Convert a quantification over a triple to a conjunction. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐶 → (𝜑𝜃))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐶𝑋) → (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒𝜃)))

Theoremrextpg 3424* Convert a quantification over a triple to a disjunction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐶 → (𝜑𝜃))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐶𝑋) → (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒𝜃)))

Theoremralpr 3425* Convert a quantification over a pair to a conjunction. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jun-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))       (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒))

Theoremrexpr 3426* Convert an existential quantification over a pair to a disjunction. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jun-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))       (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒))

Theoremraltp 3427* Convert a quantification over a triple to a conjunction. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐶 → (𝜑𝜃))       (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒𝜃))

Theoremrextp 3428* Convert a quantification over a triple to a disjunction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐶 → (𝜑𝜃))       (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒𝜃))

Theoremsbcsng 3429* Substitution expressed in terms of quantification over a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ([𝐴 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑))

Theoremnfsn 3430 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for singletons. (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-1995.)
𝑥𝐴       𝑥{𝐴}

Theoremcsbsng 3431 Distribute proper substitution through the singleton of a class. (Contributed by Alan Sare, 10-Nov-2012.)
(𝐴𝑉𝐴 / 𝑥{𝐵} = {𝐴 / 𝑥𝐵})

Theoremdisjsn 3432 Intersection with the singleton of a non-member is disjoint. (Contributed by NM, 22-May-1998.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 29-Jun-2011.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 30-Sep-2014.)
((𝐴 ∩ {𝐵}) = ∅ ↔ ¬ 𝐵𝐴)

Theoremdisjsn2 3433 Intersection of distinct singletons is disjoint. (Contributed by NM, 25-May-1998.)
(𝐴𝐵 → ({𝐴} ∩ {𝐵}) = ∅)

Theoremdisjpr2 3434 The intersection of distinct unordered pairs is disjoint. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 11-Nov-2017.)
(((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶) ∧ (𝐴𝐷𝐵𝐷)) → ({𝐴, 𝐵} ∩ {𝐶, 𝐷}) = ∅)

Theoremsnprc 3435 The singleton of a proper class (one that doesn't exist) is the empty set. Theorem 7.2 of [Quine] p. 48. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V ↔ {𝐴} = ∅)

Theoremr19.12sn 3436* Special case of r19.12 2422 where its converse holds. (Contributed by NM, 19-May-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}∀𝑦𝐵 𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦𝐵𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑)

Theoremrabsn 3437* Condition where a restricted class abstraction is a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 28-May-2006.)
(𝐵𝐴 → {𝑥𝐴𝑥 = 𝐵} = {𝐵})

Theoremrabrsndc 3438* A class abstraction over a decidable proposition restricted to a singleton is either the empty set or the singleton itself. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Aug-2018.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   DECID 𝜑       (𝑀 = {𝑥 ∈ {𝐴} ∣ 𝜑} → (𝑀 = ∅ ∨ 𝑀 = {𝐴}))

Theoremeuabsn2 3439* Another way to express existential uniqueness of a wff: its class abstraction is a singleton. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2016.)
(∃!𝑥𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑦{𝑥𝜑} = {𝑦})

Theoremeuabsn 3440 Another way to express existential uniqueness of a wff: its class abstraction is a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 22-Feb-2004.)
(∃!𝑥𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑥{𝑥𝜑} = {𝑥})

Theoremreusn 3441* A way to express restricted existential uniqueness of a wff: its restricted class abstraction is a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 30-May-2006.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2016.)
(∃!𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑦{𝑥𝐴𝜑} = {𝑦})

Theoremabsneu 3442 Restricted existential uniqueness determined by a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 29-May-2006.)
((𝐴𝑉 ∧ {𝑥𝜑} = {𝐴}) → ∃!𝑥𝜑)

Theoremrabsneu 3443 Restricted existential uniqueness determined by a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 29-May-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Dec-2016.)
((𝐴𝑉 ∧ {𝑥𝐵𝜑} = {𝐴}) → ∃!𝑥𝐵 𝜑)

Theoremeusn 3444* Two ways to express "𝐴 is a singleton." (Contributed by NM, 30-Oct-2010.)
(∃!𝑥 𝑥𝐴 ↔ ∃𝑥 𝐴 = {𝑥})

Theoremrabsnt 3445* Truth implied by equality of a restricted class abstraction and a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 29-May-2006.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 23-Dec-2016.)
𝐵 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜓))       ({𝑥𝐴𝜑} = {𝐵} → 𝜓)

Theoremprcom 3446 Commutative law for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
{𝐴, 𝐵} = {𝐵, 𝐴}

Theorempreq1 3447 Equality theorem for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 29-Mar-1998.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → {𝐴, 𝐶} = {𝐵, 𝐶})

Theorempreq2 3448 Equality theorem for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → {𝐶, 𝐴} = {𝐶, 𝐵})

Theorempreq12 3449 Equality theorem for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2012.)
((𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐷) → {𝐴, 𝐵} = {𝐶, 𝐷})

Theorempreq1i 3450 Equality inference for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2012.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       {𝐴, 𝐶} = {𝐵, 𝐶}

Theorempreq2i 3451 Equality inference for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2012.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       {𝐶, 𝐴} = {𝐶, 𝐵}

Theorempreq12i 3452 Equality inference for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2012.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐷       {𝐴, 𝐶} = {𝐵, 𝐷}

Theorempreq1d 3453 Equality deduction for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2012.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → {𝐴, 𝐶} = {𝐵, 𝐶})

Theorempreq2d 3454 Equality deduction for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2012.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → {𝐶, 𝐴} = {𝐶, 𝐵})

Theorempreq12d 3455 Equality deduction for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2012.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → {𝐴, 𝐶} = {𝐵, 𝐷})

Theoremtpeq1 3456 Equality theorem for unordered triples. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-2011.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → {𝐴, 𝐶, 𝐷} = {𝐵, 𝐶, 𝐷})

Theoremtpeq2 3457 Equality theorem for unordered triples. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-2011.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → {𝐶, 𝐴, 𝐷} = {𝐶, 𝐵, 𝐷})

Theoremtpeq3 3458 Equality theorem for unordered triples. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-2011.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → {𝐶, 𝐷, 𝐴} = {𝐶, 𝐷, 𝐵})

Theoremtpeq1d 3459 Equality theorem for unordered triples. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-2014.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → {𝐴, 𝐶, 𝐷} = {𝐵, 𝐶, 𝐷})

Theoremtpeq2d 3460 Equality theorem for unordered triples. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-2014.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → {𝐶, 𝐴, 𝐷} = {𝐶, 𝐵, 𝐷})

Theoremtpeq3d 3461 Equality theorem for unordered triples. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-2014.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → {𝐶, 𝐷, 𝐴} = {𝐶, 𝐷, 𝐵})

Theoremtpeq123d 3462 Equality theorem for unordered triples. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-2014.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)    &   (𝜑𝐸 = 𝐹)       (𝜑 → {𝐴, 𝐶, 𝐸} = {𝐵, 𝐷, 𝐹})

Theoremtprot 3463 Rotation of the elements of an unordered triple. (Contributed by Alan Sare, 24-Oct-2011.)
{𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶} = {𝐵, 𝐶, 𝐴}

Theoremtpcoma 3464 Swap 1st and 2nd members of an undordered triple. (Contributed by NM, 22-May-2015.)
{𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶} = {𝐵, 𝐴, 𝐶}

Theoremtpcomb 3465 Swap 2nd and 3rd members of an undordered triple. (Contributed by NM, 22-May-2015.)
{𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶} = {𝐴, 𝐶, 𝐵}

Theoremtpass 3466 Split off the first element of an unordered triple. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-Jan-2016.)
{𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶} = ({𝐴} ∪ {𝐵, 𝐶})

Theoremqdass 3467 Two ways to write an unordered quadruple. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-Jan-2016.)
({𝐴, 𝐵} ∪ {𝐶, 𝐷}) = ({𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶} ∪ {𝐷})

Theoremqdassr 3468 Two ways to write an unordered quadruple. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-Jan-2016.)
({𝐴, 𝐵} ∪ {𝐶, 𝐷}) = ({𝐴} ∪ {𝐵, 𝐶, 𝐷})

Theoremtpidm12 3469 Unordered triple {𝐴, 𝐴, 𝐵} is just an overlong way to write {𝐴, 𝐵}. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 10-May-2015.)
{𝐴, 𝐴, 𝐵} = {𝐴, 𝐵}

Theoremtpidm13 3470 Unordered triple {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐴} is just an overlong way to write {𝐴, 𝐵}. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 10-May-2015.)
{𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐴} = {𝐴, 𝐵}

Theoremtpidm23 3471 Unordered triple {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐵} is just an overlong way to write {𝐴, 𝐵}. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 10-May-2015.)
{𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐵} = {𝐴, 𝐵}

Theoremtpidm 3472 Unordered triple {𝐴, 𝐴, 𝐴} is just an overlong way to write {𝐴}. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 10-May-2015.)
{𝐴, 𝐴, 𝐴} = {𝐴}

Theoremtppreq3 3473 An unordered triple is an unordered pair if one of its elements is identical with another element. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 6-Oct-2017.)
(𝐵 = 𝐶 → {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶} = {𝐴, 𝐵})

Theoremprid1g 3474 An unordered pair contains its first member. Part of Theorem 7.6 of [Quine] p. 49. (Contributed by Stefan Allan, 8-Nov-2008.)
(𝐴𝑉𝐴 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵})

Theoremprid2g 3475 An unordered pair contains its second member. Part of Theorem 7.6 of [Quine] p. 49. (Contributed by Stefan Allan, 8-Nov-2008.)
(𝐵𝑉𝐵 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵})

Theoremprid1 3476 An unordered pair contains its first member. Part of Theorem 7.6 of [Quine] p. 49. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V       𝐴 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵}

Theoremprid2 3477 An unordered pair contains its second member. Part of Theorem 7.6 of [Quine] p. 49. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
𝐵 ∈ V       𝐵 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵}

Theoremprprc1 3478 A proper class vanishes in an unordered pair. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V → {𝐴, 𝐵} = {𝐵})

Theoremprprc2 3479 A proper class vanishes in an unordered pair. (Contributed by NM, 22-Mar-2006.)
𝐵 ∈ V → {𝐴, 𝐵} = {𝐴})

Theoremprprc 3480 An unordered pair containing two proper classes is the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 22-Mar-2006.)
((¬ 𝐴 ∈ V ∧ ¬ 𝐵 ∈ V) → {𝐴, 𝐵} = ∅)

Theoremtpid1 3481 One of the three elements of an unordered triple. (Contributed by NM, 7-Apr-1994.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 29-Jun-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V       𝐴 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶}

Theoremtpid2 3482 One of the three elements of an unordered triple. (Contributed by NM, 7-Apr-1994.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 29-Jun-2011.)
𝐵 ∈ V       𝐵 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶}

Theoremtpid3g 3483 Closed theorem form of tpid3 3484. (Contributed by Alan Sare, 24-Oct-2011.)
(𝐴𝐵𝐴 ∈ {𝐶, 𝐷, 𝐴})

Theoremtpid3 3484 One of the three elements of an unordered triple. (Contributed by NM, 7-Apr-1994.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 29-Jun-2011.)
𝐶 ∈ V       𝐶 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶}

Theoremsnnzg 3485 The singleton of a set is not empty. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2008.)
(𝐴𝑉 → {𝐴} ≠ ∅)

Theoremsnmg 3486* The singleton of a set is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Aug-2018.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ {𝐴})

Theoremsnnz 3487 The singleton of a set is not empty. (Contributed by NM, 10-Apr-1994.)
𝐴 ∈ V       {𝐴} ≠ ∅

Theoremsnm 3488* The singleton of a set is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Aug-2018.)
𝐴 ∈ V       𝑥 𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}

Theoremprmg 3489* A pair containing a set is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Sep-2018.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵})

Theoremprnz 3490 A pair containing a set is not empty. (Contributed by NM, 9-Apr-1994.)
𝐴 ∈ V       {𝐴, 𝐵} ≠ ∅

Theoremprm 3491* A pair containing a set is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Sep-2018.)
𝐴 ∈ V       𝑥 𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵}

Theoremprnzg 3492 A pair containing a set is not empty. (Contributed by FL, 19-Sep-2011.)
(𝐴𝑉 → {𝐴, 𝐵} ≠ ∅)

Theoremtpnz 3493 A triplet containing a set is not empty. (Contributed by NM, 10-Apr-1994.)
𝐴 ∈ V       {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶} ≠ ∅

Theoremsnss 3494 The singleton of an element of a class is a subset of the class. Theorem 7.4 of [Quine] p. 49. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (𝐴𝐵 ↔ {𝐴} ⊆ 𝐵)

Theoremeldifsn 3495 Membership in a set with an element removed. (Contributed by NM, 10-Oct-2007.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐵 ∖ {𝐶}) ↔ (𝐴𝐵𝐴𝐶))

Theoremeldifsni 3496 Membership in a set with an element removed. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐵 ∖ {𝐶}) → 𝐴𝐶)

Theoremneldifsn 3497 𝐴 is not in (𝐵 ∖ {𝐴}). (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
¬ 𝐴 ∈ (𝐵 ∖ {𝐴})

Theoremneldifsnd 3498 𝐴 is not in (𝐵 ∖ {𝐴}). Deduction form. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑 → ¬ 𝐴 ∈ (𝐵 ∖ {𝐴}))

Theoremrexdifsn 3499 Restricted existential quantification over a set with an element removed. (Contributed by NM, 4-Feb-2015.)
(∃𝑥 ∈ (𝐴 ∖ {𝐵})𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑥𝐴 (𝑥𝐵𝜑))

Theoremsnssg 3500 The singleton of an element of a class is a subset of the class. Theorem 7.4 of [Quine] p. 49. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jul-2001.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ {𝐴} ⊆ 𝐵))

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