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Definition df-irdg 5897
Description: Define a recursive definition generator on  On (the class of ordinal numbers) with characteristic function  F and initial value  I. This rather amazing operation allows us to define, with compact direct definitions, functions that are usually defined in textbooks only with indirect self-referencing recursive definitions. A recursive definition requires advanced metalogic to justify - in particular, eliminating a recursive definition is very difficult and often not even shown in textbooks. On the other hand, the elimination of a direct definition is a matter of simple mechanical substitution. The price paid is the daunting complexity of our 
rec operation (especially when df-recs 5861 that it is built on is also eliminated). But once we get past this hurdle, definitions that would otherwise be recursive become relatively simple. In classical logic it would be easier to divide this definition into cases based on whether the domain of is zero, a successor, or a limit ordinal. Cases do not (in general) work that way in intuitionistic logic, so instead we choose a definition which takes the union of all the results of the characteristic function for ordinals in the domain of . This means that this definition has the expected properties for increasing and continuous ordinal functions, which include ordinal addition and multiplication.

For finite recursion we also define df-frec 5918 and for suitable characteristic functions df-frec 5918 yields the same result as  rec restricted to  om, as seen at frecrdg 5931.

Note: We introduce 
rec with the philosophical goal of being able to eliminate all definitions with direct mechanical substitution and to verify easily the soundness of definitions. Metamath itself has no built-in technical limitation that prevents multiple-part recursive definitions in the traditional textbook style. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-May-2019.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
df-irdg  rec F ,  I recs 
_V  |->  I  u. 
U_  dom  F `  `
Distinct variable groups:   ,, F   , I,

Detailed syntax breakdown of Definition df-irdg
StepHypRef Expression
1 cF . . 3  F
2 cI . . 3  I
31, 2crdg 5896 . 2  rec F ,  I
4 vg . . . 4  setvar
5 cvv 2551 . . . 4  _V
6 vx . . . . . 6  setvar
74cv 1241 . . . . . . 7
87cdm 4288 . . . . . 6  dom
96cv 1241 . . . . . . . 8
109, 7cfv 4845 . . . . . . 7  `
1110, 1cfv 4845 . . . . . 6  F `
 `
126, 8, 11ciun 3648 . . . . 5  U_  dom  F `
 `
132, 12cun 2909 . . . 4  I  u.  U_ 
dom  F `
 `
144, 5, 13cmpt 3809 . . 3  _V  |->  I  u.  U_ 
dom  F `
 `
1514crecs 5860 . 2 recs  _V  |->  I  u.  U_  dom  F `
 `
163, 15wceq 1242 1  rec F ,  I recs 
_V  |->  I  u. 
U_  dom  F `  `
Colors of variables: wff set class
This definition is referenced by:  rdgeq1  5898  rdgeq2  5899  rdgfun  5900  rdgexggg  5904  rdgifnon  5906  rdgifnon2  5907  rdgivallem  5908  rdg0  5914
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