MPE Home Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next >
Nearby theorems
Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  mul0or Unicode version

Theorem mul0or 9288
Description: If a product is zero, one of its factors must be zero. Theorem I.11 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 9-Oct-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
mul0or  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  x.  B )  =  0  <-> 
( A  =  0  \/  B  =  0 ) ) )

Proof of Theorem mul0or
StepHypRef Expression
1 simpr 449 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  B  e.  CC )
21adantr 453 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  B  =/=  0
)  ->  B  e.  CC )
32mul02d 8890 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  B  =/=  0
)  ->  ( 0  x.  B )  =  0 )
43eqeq2d 2264 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  B  =/=  0
)  ->  ( ( A  x.  B )  =  ( 0  x.  B )  <->  ( A  x.  B )  =  0 ) )
5 simpl 445 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  A  e.  CC )
65adantr 453 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  B  =/=  0
)  ->  A  e.  CC )
7 0cn 8711 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  0  e.  CC
87a1i 12 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  B  =/=  0
)  ->  0  e.  CC )
9 simpr 449 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  B  =/=  0
)  ->  B  =/=  0 )
106, 8, 2, 9mulcan2d 9282 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  B  =/=  0
)  ->  ( ( A  x.  B )  =  ( 0  x.  B )  <->  A  = 
0 ) )
114, 10bitr3d 248 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  B  =/=  0
)  ->  ( ( A  x.  B )  =  0  <->  A  = 
0 ) )
1211biimpd 200 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  B  =/=  0
)  ->  ( ( A  x.  B )  =  0  ->  A  =  0 ) )
1312impancom 429 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  ( A  x.  B )  =  0 )  ->  ( B  =/=  0  ->  A  =  0 ) )
1413necon1bd 2480 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  ( A  x.  B )  =  0 )  ->  ( -.  A  =  0  ->  B  =  0 ) )
1514orrd 369 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  ( A  x.  B )  =  0 )  ->  ( A  =  0  \/  B  =  0 ) )
1615ex 425 . 2  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  x.  B )  =  0  ->  ( A  =  0  \/  B  =  0 ) ) )
171mul02d 8890 . . . 4  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( 0  x.  B
)  =  0 )
18 oveq1 5717 . . . . 5  |-  ( A  =  0  ->  ( A  x.  B )  =  ( 0  x.  B ) )
1918eqeq1d 2261 . . . 4  |-  ( A  =  0  ->  (
( A  x.  B
)  =  0  <->  (
0  x.  B )  =  0 ) )
2017, 19syl5ibrcom 215 . . 3  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  =  0  ->  ( A  x.  B )  =  0 ) )
215mul01d 8891 . . . 4  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  0 )  =  0 )
22 oveq2 5718 . . . . 5  |-  ( B  =  0  ->  ( A  x.  B )  =  ( A  x.  0 ) )
2322eqeq1d 2261 . . . 4  |-  ( B  =  0  ->  (
( A  x.  B
)  =  0  <->  ( A  x.  0 )  =  0 ) )
2421, 23syl5ibrcom 215 . . 3  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( B  =  0  ->  ( A  x.  B )  =  0 ) )
2520, 24jaod 371 . 2  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  =  0  \/  B  =  0 )  ->  ( A  x.  B )  =  0 ) )
2616, 25impbid 185 1  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  x.  B )  =  0  <-> 
( A  =  0  \/  B  =  0 ) ) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 6    <-> wb 178    \/ wo 359    /\ wa 360    = wceq 1619    e. wcel 1621    =/= wne 2412  (class class class)co 5710   CCcc 8615   0cc0 8617    x. cmul 8622
This theorem is referenced by:  mulne0b  9289  msq0i  9295  mul0ori  9296  msq0d  9297  mul0ord  9298  coseq1  19722  efrlim  20096
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 7  ax-2 8  ax-3 9  ax-mp 10  ax-5 1533  ax-6 1534  ax-7 1535  ax-gen 1536  ax-8 1623  ax-11 1624  ax-13 1625  ax-14 1626  ax-17 1628  ax-12o 1664  ax-10 1678  ax-9 1684  ax-4 1692  ax-16 1926  ax-ext 2234  ax-sep 4038  ax-nul 4046  ax-pow 4082  ax-pr 4108  ax-un 4403  ax-resscn 8674  ax-1cn 8675  ax-icn 8676  ax-addcl 8677  ax-addrcl 8678  ax-mulcl 8679  ax-mulrcl 8680  ax-mulcom 8681  ax-addass 8682  ax-mulass 8683  ax-distr 8684  ax-i2m1 8685  ax-1ne0 8686  ax-1rid 8687  ax-rnegex 8688  ax-rrecex 8689  ax-cnre 8690  ax-pre-lttri 8691  ax-pre-lttrn 8692  ax-pre-ltadd 8693  ax-pre-mulgt0 8694
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 179  df-or 361  df-an 362  df-3or 940  df-3an 941  df-tru 1315  df-ex 1538  df-nf 1540  df-sb 1883  df-eu 2118  df-mo 2119  df-clab 2240  df-cleq 2246  df-clel 2249  df-nfc 2374  df-ne 2414  df-nel 2415  df-ral 2513  df-rex 2514  df-reu 2515  df-rab 2516  df-v 2729  df-sbc 2922  df-csb 3010  df-dif 3081  df-un 3083  df-in 3085  df-ss 3089  df-nul 3363  df-if 3471  df-pw 3532  df-sn 3550  df-pr 3551  df-op 3553  df-uni 3728  df-br 3921  df-opab 3975  df-mpt 3976  df-id 4202  df-po 4207  df-so 4208  df-xp 4594  df-rel 4595  df-cnv 4596  df-co 4597  df-dm 4598  df-rn 4599  df-res 4600  df-ima 4601  df-fun 4602  df-fn 4603  df-f 4604  df-f1 4605  df-fo 4606  df-f1o 4607  df-fv 4608  df-ov 5713  df-oprab 5714  df-mpt2 5715  df-iota 6143  df-riota 6190  df-er 6546  df-en 6750  df-dom 6751  df-sdom 6752  df-pnf 8749  df-mnf 8750  df-xr 8751  df-ltxr 8752  df-le 8753  df-sub 8919  df-neg 8920
  Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator