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Theorem regexmid 4260
 Description: The axiom of foundation implies excluded middle. By foundation (or regularity), we mean the principle that every inhabited set has an element which is minimal (when arranged by ∈). The statement of foundation here is taken from Metamath Proof Explorer's ax-reg, and is identical (modulo one unnecessary quantifier) to the statement of foundation in Theorem "Foundation implies instances of EM" of [Crosilla], p. "Set-theoretic principles incompatible with intuitionistic logic". For this reason, IZF does not adopt foundation as an axiom and instead replaces it with ax-setind 4262. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Sep-2019.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
regexmid.1 (∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 → ∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)))
Assertion
Ref Expression
regexmid (𝜑 ∨ ¬ 𝜑)
Distinct variable group:   𝜑,𝑥,𝑦,𝑧

Proof of Theorem regexmid
Dummy variable 𝑤 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 eqid 2040 . . 3 {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}
21regexmidlemm 4257 . 2 𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}
3 pp0ex 3940 . . . 4 {∅, {∅}} ∈ V
43rabex 3901 . . 3 {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∈ V
5 eleq2 2101 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (𝑦𝑥𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
65exbidv 1706 . . . 4 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 ↔ ∃𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
7 eleq2 2101 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (𝑧𝑥𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
87notbid 592 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (¬ 𝑧𝑥 ↔ ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
98imbi2d 219 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ((𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥) ↔ (𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))
109albidv 1705 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))
115, 10anbi12d 442 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ((𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)) ↔ (𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))))
1211exbidv 1706 . . . 4 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)) ↔ ∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))))
136, 12imbi12d 223 . . 3 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ((∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 → ∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥))) ↔ (∃𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))))
14 regexmid.1 . . 3 (∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 → ∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)))
154, 13, 14vtocl 2608 . 2 (∃𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))
161regexmidlem1 4258 . 2 (∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})) → (𝜑 ∨ ¬ 𝜑))
172, 15, 16mp2b 8 1 (𝜑 ∨ ¬ 𝜑)
 Colors of variables: wff set class Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3   → wi 4   ∧ wa 97   ∨ wo 629  ∀wal 1241   = wceq 1243  ∃wex 1381   ∈ wcel 1393  {crab 2310  ∅c0 3224  {csn 3375  {cpr 3376 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 99  ax-ia2 100  ax-ia3 101  ax-in1 544  ax-in2 545  ax-io 630  ax-5 1336  ax-7 1337  ax-gen 1338  ax-ie1 1382  ax-ie2 1383  ax-8 1395  ax-10 1396  ax-11 1397  ax-i12 1398  ax-bndl 1399  ax-4 1400  ax-14 1405  ax-17 1419  ax-i9 1423  ax-ial 1427  ax-i5r 1428  ax-ext 2022  ax-sep 3875  ax-nul 3883  ax-pow 3927 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 110  df-tru 1246  df-nf 1350  df-sb 1646  df-clab 2027  df-cleq 2033  df-clel 2036  df-nfc 2167  df-rab 2315  df-v 2559  df-dif 2920  df-un 2922  df-in 2924  df-ss 2931  df-nul 3225  df-pw 3361  df-sn 3381  df-pr 3382 This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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