**Description: **Contraposition of a
decidable proposition.
This theorem swaps or "transposes" the order of the consequents
when
negation is removed. An informal example is that the statement "if
there
are no clouds in the sky, it is not raining" implies the statement
"if it
is raining, there are clouds in the sky." This theorem (without the
decidability condition, of course) is called *Transp* or "the
principle of
transposition" in *Principia Mathematica* (Theorem *2.17 of
[WhiteheadRussell] p. 103) and is
Axiom A3 of [Margaris] p. 49. We will
also use the term "contraposition" for this principle, although
the reader
is advised that in the field of philosophical logic,
"contraposition" has
a different technical meaning.
(Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Mar-2018.) |